According to tradition, since the days of Ancient Egypt and Greece, a labyrinth is understood to mean a plot of land with paths, paths that create an intricate pattern and at the same time lead to the central part. A hedge of plants planted in a similar form began to appear in medieval gardens by the middle of the 15th century. Surely all fans of Jerome K. Jerome remember how his heroes wandered through the maze (by the way, rather big - the length of the alleys is about 500 m), located in Hampton Court. Interestingly, even though it was created already in 1690, it’s possible to follow the trail of funny characters from “Three in a boat, not counting a dog” even today.
A fence in a similar form is not alien to Russian gardens, in the estates of Arkhangelsk, Kuskovo, Peterhof alleys of neatly trimmed bushes formed a clear pattern. Over time, hedge compositions became more complex, creating intricate designs. Changeable fashion for some time forgot about the labyrinths, but these days they have again become an object of interest for landscape designers.
Labyrinth in your area
If the size of the plot allows, then it is quite possible to create a garden labyrinth, and this idea has many advantages:
- This is an original, unconventional arrangement of the garden;
- a great entertainment tool for home and guests;
- useful for the development of children.
Labyrinths come in many forms, for example, the fantasy or flower will become a harmonious part of the landscape garden, almost any option will organically fit into the regular garden. It is not a problem to get planting material for creating such an element of the landscape, the assortment of plants on the market is very wide, so you can always choose plants suitable for the planned height of the curb or wall.
The plants forming the hedge determine the size of the composition, you can create a children's mini-version with a diameter of up to 2 meters, or you can also use cross-sections of 10-20 m from which you can hardly find a way out.
Plants for a labyrinth garden
A small children's labyrinth can even be created from annual plants (curly parsley, marigolds), flower pots, small stones. Well, for the big use shrubs. Such shrubs are selected, cutting and pruning of which is not associated with great difficulties, and this is necessary to give the labyrinth a certain shape and regulate the size of its walls.
For a medium-sized decorative composition, plants up to 50 cm high are chosen, for example, low-growing spirea, calyx hypericum, boxwood, alpine currant can be advised. The listed species grow in the middle lane. If you swipe at a large labyrinth in which adults spend a little while, you will have to pick up trees growing up to 3 m. Designers recommend using rose hips, Tunberg barberry, hornbeam, mahonia, Tatar maple, yew for this purpose. The boxwood already mentioned above is also suitable, you can still take hawthorn, irga, middle Forsythia.
It is worth trying and choosing combinations of species of shrubs so that the flowering periods do not coincide, then your garden labyrinth will be in bloom most of the year.
The traditional form of composition is a circle, but it is perfectly acceptable to arrange a garden labyrinth in the form of a square, a triangle or in the form of letters - the initials of a person. You can come up with many interesting options; connect your children to this so that they also participate in the process. A simple circuit includes an input, a couple of turns, an output. Among the simple forms can be called a spiral in which all paths close in the center. You can choose a cross-cutting scheme without a pronounced center, and if it does, then place a fountain or a cozy gazebo in it, or even a pond or patio.
In addition to aesthetic value, the labyrinth is an excellent tool for spending leisure time, organizing all kinds of contests, competitions, which will be especially attractive for children. In dead ends for children, parents can make a cache with prizes, phantoms. And adult participants will get a chance to find here a volume of poems, a glass of cognac, a guitar, etc. In general, if desired and with some creativity, the maze can be turned into a great place for entertainment.
Choosing a place for composition
It is possible to look around the labyrinth only from above, therefore it is advisable to arrange it near the hill, from which it will be possible to enjoy its view from above. The second floor of the house can also become a point of view. Usually the maze is located in a recreation area, not far from the playground, as for children it has attractive power and becomes a favorite place for their games.
Geographically, this element of the landscape can be arranged between the house and the garden, the garden. However, we recommend that you also provide a shorter bypass track with an interesting coating.
Hedge garden labyrinth
In landscape design, several types of labyrinths are distinguished according to the basic "building material". A hedge up to 3 meters high is an ideal material. But remember that the external beauty of such a labyrinth is associated with the need to devote considerable effort and time to maintaining the trees in proper form, including cutting, pruning the branches. Of course, a rather large area is required for the device of this option, but if you can afford it, you will get a wonderful place for walking, and your children for games.
The hedge maze is durable (with good care, of course). This can be quickly created by planting annuals, for example, cochia broom, which reaches 1 meter, is overgrown with dense foliage and is well formed. Naturally, next year it will be necessary to plant plants again or still begin to build a composition of perennial shrubs.
This is a very original organization of the flower garden, flowers in this case are usually planted in a spiral. Compact flowers with straight stems and the correct form are best suited. Since the flower labyrinth is low and it can be captured with a glance without any problems, its shape should be aesthetically pleasing. Therefore, you will have to abandon too sprawling flowers, as well as those that are prone to self-sowing (poppy, escholzia). Due to self-seeding, the composition runs the risk of quickly losing its originally conceived form, the contours will be smeared and the pattern will lose in aesthetics.
Good options for decoration - snapdragon, rose border, bush petunia.
To get an aesthetic appearance, it is necessary to observe a uniform range of shades and rigor in the contours, so that the borders of the flower beds are not smeared. You can arrange a labyrinth not from one, but from two spirals or lines, which in a certain place will join. In this, you can plant plants of two contrasting colors.
The labyrinth can become an original flowerbed, from the contemplation of which you can always get an aesthetic. But the floral design can be adapted for walking. In this case, between the ribbons of flowers, paved or gravel paths are laid, repeating the labyrinth passages.
The composition of stones, reminiscent of the ruins of once majestic religious buildings, also has its charm. The plan is the same - a spiral along which small stones of approximately equal size are laid out. This option is intended, rather, for contemplation, for walking walk erect stone walls or using large blocks. You can add some revitalization to the gray, somewhat gloomy tone of the stones with plants.
Vines, ampelous species (ivy, morning glory, clematis, etc.) will be interesting on stone walls, and stonecrops and youngsters can be planted in a labyrinth of small stones.
This type is closest to the original essence of the labyrinth - structures with extremely intricate paths along which you can wander for a very long time in search of the right path. The center is not emphasized in the fantasy labyrinth, it simply does not exist, but there are numerous paths ending in a dead end, many similar turns and intersections. Entering this, inevitably you begin to feel like an adventurer.
Fantasy composition can cover the whole garden along with a relaxation area, a playground for children and other paths. Only you need to make the transitions short and often alternate them with turns, loops. Then only a couple of meters will be in sight. This effect of entanglement is achieved through the use of pergolas, climbing plants on trellises, arches.
Stone labyrinth in the garden (video)
In a fantasy composition, all plants are allowed to grow with almost no limits, so you can walk a stone's throw from a person and not notice him behind a dense green veil.
A walk through the maze will be especially enjoyable if a beautiful bench, an elegant flowerbed or an original sculpture awaits around the turn of the traveler.
Creating a maze with your own hands is an extremely exciting and creative process, from time to time you can make changes and implement new ideas in it, so this can become a favorite pastime, and an independently built object can be a clear testament to your creativity and a legitimate reason for pride. We recommend reading the article on topiary shrubs.
Garden Labyrinths (20 photos)