Adam's Tree (Paulownia) is the only fast-growing tree in the Paulowniaceae family. The plant is called paulownia in honor of the Dutch Queen Anne Pavlovna, daughter of the Russian Emperor Paul I, also called the princess tree. In Japan, the tree is called "kiri", in China - the "dragon tree".
What does it look like
This is a beautiful tree with a spreading ovoid or rounded crown. The leaves are large, wide, velvet, on long stalks. Bright purple bell flowers are collected in panicle inflorescences up to 30 cm long. The barrel is cylindrical in shape. The height of the tree is 15-20 m. The fruits are a box with many small winged seeds.
In Europe, it received the name Adam's tree by association with a fig tree, the leaves of which Adam used instead of clothes.
Adam's tree grows in Southeast Asia and the Far East. It also grows in Russia, the Caucasus, southern and western regions of Ukraine, in the south of Crimea. Felt paulownia is cultivated in parks and gardens of Europe, North America. Well suited for cultivation in areas with a humid warm climate.
The Adam tree, thanks to its rapid growth, rapidly developing root system, helps to plant areas that are threatened by erosion. Also, these plant properties help with reforestation of areas affected by fires. A significant amount of hardwood provides good fertilizer to the affected lands.
A dense crown gives a dense shadow, and also active photosynthesis makes the plant popular for landscaping cities.
Paulownia foliage is suitable for the production of fodder, as it is close to alfalfa in quality and protein content (20%), and also has a low cost.
Plant flowers in Europe are used in the manufacture of perfumes and creams. The aroma is defined as vanilla, slightly almond.
Cream-filled flower horns are considered a delicacy in some European restaurants.
Adam tree seeds were used for packaging during transportation of Chinese fine porcelain
Use in medicine
In China, the healing properties of paulownia have been known for a long time, pharmacists on an industrial basis make medicines from leaves to improve the functioning of the kidneys, liver and gall bladder. Also, the substances contained in the leaves have a beneficial effect on the lungs.
Honey from paulownia flowers
Large flowers of the tree differ not only in beauty, but also in the aroma that is appreciated by bees. The honey obtained from the flowers of the adam tree can be compared with acacia honey: it is light, transparent, light, very fragrant.
It is of high quality, it is used in medicine in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, including bronchitis, as well as digestion, including the liver and gall bladder.
"Magic" properties of wood
Adam's wood is unusually light. Therefore, it is good to use it for aircraft structures or parts of ships.
Another important property is the low moisture content (10-12%) and, accordingly, low fire hazard. Parts made of paulownia wood are not deformed, as they are resistant to moisture absorption. Therefore, wood is used in the production of a wide variety of products: from children's toys to musical instruments (the latter due to good acoustic properties).
Paulownia wood stores tannin, which makes it resistant to termites and grinder bugs.
Paulownia does not absorb varnishes, epoxies, which, combined with low water permeability, makes it preferable in the manufacture of competition boats, surfboards, skis and snowboards. Lightness and low price are also an attractive property.
Planting adam tree
Propagated by seeds or root offspring. Seeds lose their germination after six months. You can plant cuttings. Adam's tree easily adapts to the soil, only high humidity is required in the first years of growth. Planting time - after the leaves fall, which usually occurs in November. It can also be planted throughout the winter, provided that there is no snow, dirt, and also the soil must be unfrozen. You can store seedlings in a cool, dark place in winter, and plant a plant in the ground in the spring until May.
The tree is planted in a pit 60-80 cm deep and 60 cm in diameter. Combined fertilizers mixed with soil are poured into the pit.
When planting, the cut off stalk should look 2-3 cm from the ground or be on the same level with the soil. Young paulownia grows from the place of cutting, so if you leave the stalk high, the tree trunk will be bent and the quality of the wood will deteriorate.
During spring planting, you need to water well, in autumn and winter there is enough rain and snow.
In summer, you can also plant a tree using seedlings grown in pots. In this case, the seedling is carefully removed from the pot along with the soil, being careful not to damage the roots. Then landed in a prepared hole.
How to care
The vegetative period of the adam tree does not depend on the time of planting, begins in mid-April and lasts until the beginning of May. When frozen, shoots can be frostbitten, but when warming, the tree starts up new shoots. Although this slows its growth by about 15 days, but the plant itself does not die.
When two shoots appear, when they reach 10 cm of growth, one, weaker, must be cut.
While the seedling is small and fragile, manually remove weeds, it is also useful to spud a tree with a radius of 30-40 cm.
In order for the trunk to be straight, without deviations, you need to remove the extra shoots to a level of 8 m.
Customs, beliefs and omens associated with the plant
In Japan, paulownia is planted when a daughter is born in the family. When a girl gets married, a tree is cut down and a chest is made of it.
The Japanese believe that if paulownia grows near the house, then the phoenix flies in and brings happiness. Paulownia wood does not burn well, perhaps this served as the source of the tradition of storing the most valuable items in chests from paulownia.