Many practical summer residents are familiar with the design of the "butterfly" greenhouse, which is characterized by reliability and ease of operation. Such a hotbed will be the subject of our conversation, during which we will try to highlight in detail all aspects of the use of this model.
The design has several significant advantages, one of them is the efficient use of the area and easy access to plantings, which greatly facilitates the care and collection, and the risk of damaging the plant by accidentally stepping on it is very low.
Another attractive factor - the life of the "butterfly" is of considerable duration. One of the reasons for the “longevity” of the greenhouse is structural strength, which allows the structure to withstand wind up to 20 m / s. The strength margin of the greenhouse allows it to cope with 10-centimeter snow, which in many cases guarantees the integrity of the structure, especially if the prudent owner takes care to establish supports in a timely manner.
The design features of the "butterfly" make it possible to approach the plants from any direction. Often in the greenhouse there are vents, opening which you can quickly ventilate the room.
"Butterfly" does not cast a dense shadow on the site. The construction of a greenhouse design will cost quite inexpensively and will not require large building abilities and experience. As a rule, the usual set of tools, which is practical for everyone in the household, is enough.
How to choose a place
The right choice of place maximizes the effectiveness of the greenhouse and provides rich yields. The chosen place should be well lit all day. The best option for the location of the structure is along the north-south line. Low-lying places for installation of the structure are completely unsuitable, since rain and meltwater accumulate in them, and water can also protrude from the ground in a low place. In the humid microclimate formed here, most cultures will develop poorly, scream, and chase.
Materials for construction
The simplest solution is to choose wood for the frame. Although, if you have the skills of a welder or the involvement of an appropriate specialist, nothing prevents you from building a greenhouse from pipe scraps, welding them in the form of the required design.
In the meantime, we’ll look at how to make a butterfly greenhouse on a wooden frame. The frames will need to be covered with polyethylene, coated with polycarbonate or glazed. Glass and polycarbonate (especially the latter) are more preferable, as they are more durable and create an obstacle to ultraviolet. By the way, if your farm has old wooden frames lying around, then they can be adapted for glazing a greenhouse, which will significantly save your time, materials, money.
Greenhouses for the seasonal dacha
Parameter Definition and Assembly
Naturally, the size of the structure is determined by the specific needs of the summer resident and the capabilities of the site. It is worth considering the factor that for different cultures you may need different heights on the sides. Gourds do not need a significant elevation above ground level, while other forks usually have higher sides. A compromise option is arched frames, under which different types of garden crops can coexist together. But only with your own hands the installation of arched frames is a more time-consuming process than the installation of flat frames.
We start from the sides
When the issue of dimensions is resolved, you can begin to prepare the frame parts. It is recommended to use boards with a thickness of at least 25 mm.
The process of building a greenhouse is usually begun with the sides, which can be single, double, and folding. For gourds, which must be protected from the wind, and at the same time provide them with the maximum possible amount of heat and light, the sides should be glazed. The installation of the sides begins after preliminary marking a place under the greenhouse on the site. There should be no gaps between the sides, they must be adjusted as tightly as possible to each other. Then, strong bars are installed along the sides.
Put the frames
On metal hinges, frames are attached to the sides, which, if necessary, are additionally strengthened with the parts intended for this. Glass frames are quite heavy and, most likely, the greenhouse under their weight will bend in the central part, so it would be nice to install a support from metal pipes or wooden poles. In order for the open frame to be fixed, it is necessary to install wooden stops across the entire width of the greenhouse.
Eliminate the possibility that a strong gust of wind will overturn the frame back, will help cords that hold the frame in position.
For more comfortable work in the greenhouse, we advise driving in hooks on the sides, on which it will be possible to hang buckets filled with vegetables.
To protect wooden parts from decay, before installing the greenhouse they need to be treated with an antiseptic, it is also worth applying a layer of oil paint on them. The places where the sides touch the soil need additional protection, pieces of old linoleum and religion will help here. Finally, after collecting the wig, check again that there are no gaps in it.
Rules for the effective use of the design
Often, one greenhouse is used to grow several types of crops. In this case, we advise you to build dividing strips along the structure, using a plastic film for this.
On warm days, the frame can be left open all day. But with the onset of the cold season, it is worthwhile to increase the protection of landings, at least in such a simple way as rack frames with a stretched film. As a result, we get a greenhouse with double protection - in addition to the main frames, light frames will also stand in the way of cold air, which will increase the efficiency of heat conservation inside the greenhouse structure. A warm microclimate in the greenhouse will allow planting to begin planting in the spring a couple of weeks earlier, in the fall, the crop that has not yet been harvested will be protected from the early cold weather, and at the same time, the fruiting period of some crops can be extended by a month and a half.
For watering in the greenhouse "butterfly" the most ordinary watering can is perfect. If such a primitive method does not suit you, then drip irrigation can be recommended.
When growing melon plants in a greenhouse, measures should be taken that are not directed so that their lashes do not come into contact with the soil. For this, supports in the form of U-shaped elements are used, on which the rails are laid with an interval of 7-8 cm. As soon as the height of the seedlings is equal to the height of the supports, it is necessary to lay the rails under the lashes, and then the plants will be damaged.
Greenhouse preparation for winter
If polyethylene is pulled onto the butterfly's frames, then before the start of winter it will have to be removed, washed and, dried, stored in a dry place until spring. Glass and polycarbonate are also rinsed at this time. The structure freed from vegetation should be cleaned, all accumulated dirt and dust should be removed, then the frame should be washed thoroughly. Such procedures will reduce the risk of pests with the onset of spring.
The soil in the greenhouse design also needs to be treated, bacteria and fungi must have multiplied in it over the summer, therefore, with the help of special tools, the soil is decontaminated.
It is better to repair the detected defects in the frame immediately, since during the winter period, for example, the crack may increase, which will reduce the structural stability and may lead to failure in the event of heavy snowfall or wind. After completing the sanitary procedures, the metal parts of the frame are lubricated with oil, and strongly rusted parts are replaced.
As you can see, in general, the butterfly butterfly can be a very useful tool for a summer resident, if, of course, he is able to handle and care for it according to the rules that we talked about. And be sure to share your experience, it will definitely come in handy for someone!
Greenhouse “butterfly” at the cottage (20 photos)