We rarely touch on the topic of growing trees in the country, but this does not mean at all that we are not interested in majestic plants with spreading crowns and green foliage. Today we will improve and talk about how to grow a beautiful and healthy chestnut in the country.
This is a beautiful, strong and tall tree., which will decorate the summer cottage. By its nature, it is quite interesting - its fruits are useful, and a delicate pink color can appear even in winter, during an abnormal temperature drop. Many peoples eat chestnut fruits for food (certain varieties), and in folk medicine they prepare a lot of healing products. Initially, these are rounded light green boxes with numerous spikes, but after ripening and drying, the box opens and nice hard nuts fall from the tree. If we talk about the leafy part, then the leaves are opposite on the long stalks, but there are also sessile leaves decorated with cute cloves. The chestnut grows up to 30 m in height, and throughout the entire period of development pleases with greatness, beautiful flowering and numerous fruits!
Growing a chestnut tree in the country
We are sure that many summer residents were wondering about growing chestnut in the country. That is why we decided to help you with our knowledge!
Planting a plant
Reproduction occurs in a seed way, and therefore it is quite possible to grow a tree from scratch, of course, if you have nowhere to take an adult seedling.
Seeds should be placed in fertile and warm soil in the spring, by early May. Experts do not recommend planting a chestnut in the fall, as the seeds can be damaged in the ground by rodents, and in the spring, instead of the expected shoots, you will only get disappointed.
Chestnut seedlings grow too slowly, and therefore you should not expect a beautiful and strong tree in a few years, a more or less strong tree will appear in the country only after 10-12 years.
If it is possible to buy high-quality planting material or to take it from friends and neighbors in the country, the transplant can be made in 7-10 years. At this point, the plant normally tolerates the transplant. But to do this at the age of a seedling of 9-15 years is even easier, since the tree is already strong and is unlikely to die. But you need to transplant with an earthen lump.
A seedling or an older tree should be carefully excavated without damaging the roots. In this case, the transplant will be as successful as possible. You need to plant the chestnut in a certain mixture - turfy ground, leafy ground and sand. Already next spring after the transplant, the soil under the tree must be fertilized with mullein and urea.
Care for the chestnut tree in the country
So that the development of the chestnut occurs correctlyDo not forget about the needs of the tree. In addition to organic fertilizer, it is necessary to water the chestnut, loosen and mulch the soil.
Watering the tree should be regular, loosening the soil - shallow, so as not to damage the root system. And you can mulch the soil with ordinary peat.
In addition, be sure to remove dry branches from the tree, form a crown.
Types of Chestnuts
Unfortunately, not every of these species can be grown in a summer house so easily, but it all depends on where it is located, on the soil and climatic conditions, the terrain and other factors:
- Noble sowing chestnut;
- Japanese or towny;
- Chestnut Henry;
- Horse Chestnut and other species.
It should be understood that each individual species differs in its features, agricultural technology, characteristics of the trunk, crown, leaves, flowers and fruits!
Depending on the type of plant, it can be used in a wide variety of purposes.
Chestnut is quite often used in folk medicine as a painkiller, antithrombotic and venotonic agent. The plant is widely used in homeopathy, where its correctly prepared fruits and other parts are used in the treatment of a number of diseases. Their list is very long: indigestion and activity of the entire gastrointestinal tract, malaria, bronchitis, neuralgia and vasospasms, uterine bleeding and pulmonary tuberculosis, venous congestion and chronic thrombophlebitis, and other diseases.
As you can see, from growing such a plant in a summer cottage you can achieve not only an aesthetic effect, but also a certain health benefit.
In the preparation of traditional medicine, not only chestnut fruits are used, but also its flowers, bark and leaves, plant juice and unripe seeds are used. A limitation in the preparation of medicines and their use should be the understanding that any folk remedy is a medicine taken at one’s own discretion, and therefore risks are possible. Be careful, as an improperly prepared product can cause negative consequences and affect each individual organism in different ways.
How does chestnut grow
In principle, no special conditions for growing a chestnut tree are needed, only quality care and a good attitude. Within a few years after transplanting, a strong and majestic tree will grow on the site, under which you can set up a bench, organize a sandbox for children, put a birdhouse and bird feeder on the trunk to make your summer cottage even closer to nature. You can learn how to grow edible chestnut.