We will not talk about the purposes for which pigeons can be raised in the country, since each summer resident determines for himself the purpose of these birds. And we’ll talk about how to build a dovecote in the country with your own hands.
Experienced summer cottage builders, who picked up a tool for the construction of rabbitry, birdhouse and even more serious structures such as a gazebo, barn or cottage shower, will be easy to delve into the process. But for beginners of the summer cottage, we will write everything a little more in detail.
We must say right away that it is necessary to build on not only personal opinions and ideas about the structure, but also on the requirements for the birds who will live there. Believe me, this is very important, because if you do not follow some rules, then the pigeons will not be able to exist normally in their new home.
Correct Dovecote Options
For the installation of bird housing, certain requirements must be observed:
- Height - about 2 meters;
- Window size - approximately 10% of the total floor area of the structure;
- Door size (if implied) - height and width, 170 cm and 60 cm, respectively;
- The size of the letoks is 20x20 cm in height and width (the best option, the height of their location, is from 20 cm to 150 cm from the floor, depending on the breed of birds. It is desirable that there are several letoks in the pigeon.
The total size of the structure is calculated from the number of pairs of birds that will live there. It is believed that for each pair, 0.5-1 m3 of internal space is necessary. Also, depending on the breed and age of the birds, the dovecote should be divided inside into special blocks.
It is necessary to take care of the location of the windows - they should be on the south side of the building so that the sun's rays constantly heat the structure.
There should also be light in the house in order to increase daylight hours for birds, and heating, for winter keeping and maintaining the temperature at the required level.
If you plan a large dovecote with doors, you need to make them double - the outer door is made of metal or wood, and the inner one is made of mesh. In summer, the outside doors are always open during the day for light and air to enter.
Take care of ventilation, with which you can avoid increased humidity inside the structure, but do not place ventilation windows on opposite walls, because drafts will obviously not benefit residents.
The floor in the dovecote should be wooden, from tightly folded boards, aviaries can also be located here, if any, provided by the breed of birds.
It is also necessary to build perches and nests, but these structures and their parameters depend strictly on the breed of pigeons, as well as their need in general.
The design of the dovecote in the country
Compliance with the above parameters depends not only on the breed of pigeons, but also on the initial design of the dovecote itself, because it can be a large crate for breeding pigeons, or a small hanging box for several birds that now settle on your site.
The standard design is small in size to contain just a few pairs of pigeons. Usually, it's just a box that hangs just below the ridge of the roof. The dimensions of this design are calculated from the number of individuals that will be settled there.
To tell you the truth, such a dovecote is often built by beginners who are not going to raise birds, but simply decided to shelter them. Almost always outbred individuals live in such houses.
Such a construction is built very rarely, and only by connoisseurs of birds and breeders. It represents a tower 3-4 meters high and two floors inside. Material for construction is suitable for almost any, most importantly, to correctly equip the structure from the inside.
The disadvantage of such a dovecote is only the high cost and time to build, but as a result, you can get a serious house for birds, where they can be grown and propagated.
The simplest option for those people who decide to get birds in the attic of a summer house or summer kitchen. The only thing that will be needed is to properly equip everything from the inside out, and also to make a small balcony - a walking area enclosed by a net. Of course, this is not necessary if you are engaged in construction for wild individuals, whose population you are not very worried about, but just decided to populate them somewhere on the site.
Honestly, the aviary is more reminiscent of the house, which we talked about not so long ago. By and large, everything is almost the same, only it is necessary to make a protected roof, as well as limiting the vertical space. Many pigeon growers consider such a construction useless, but at the same time, almost a third of such houses for pigeons in our country.
It should be understood that the location of the dovecote and its external design, belonging to the style or design of the site are important parameters for you. For the bird, the main amenities are inside, and therefore you can choose any design and type of bird housing that most closely matches the breed.
Where to install dovecote
Independently choosing the type and type of structure, you must determine its location in the country. This is easy to do, because for sure every summer resident who is thinking about expanding the number of summer cottages already knows for himself exactly where and what will be located. But you should pay attention to some mandatory requirements:
- The dovecote needs to be built in a more or less open area so that birds can fly freely. To do this, place the bird house at a distance from the main buildings or tall trees;
- Also try to remove the structure from power lines, poles with telephone cables;
- Do not place the structure next to someone else's household yard or near a cesspool, this is fraught with various diseases, serious infections.
Tools and materials
In almost every such kind of work, we get by with one set of tools, but today we will remind it again so that even newcomers to our website know what it is necessary to deal with.
So, he recommends using a simple and professional tool, including a hacksaw and a hammer, a rotary hammer with a drill and grinder mode, a set of keys and screwdrivers, a screwdriver and a jigsaw. With this set you can do all the work.
Speaking of materials, we want to offer you the construction of a bird house made of brick, wood or metal. Accordingly, in any set, you will need to add a slate or roofing material for the roof device, metal or an additional bar for the frame, poles, main internal structures, as well as a grid for doors and an aviary. It is also possible to use glasses for windows.
DIY dovecote in the country
Before starting construction, it is necessary to determine a work plan, draw up a drawing in order to understand how large the structure will be and how many materials will go into the construction. We draw up a drawing, knock out the estimate and get to work.
We decided to consider a simple but serious construction, rather than an ordinary box on the roof for 1-2 families, so we recommend that you carefully read the following sequence of work.
The foundation of the dovecote
The whole building will be quite easy, but we still offer to fill the strip foundation, so that after a year or two the bird house will not mow from subsidence in the soil. To do this, we dig a trench with a depth of 40 cm and a width of only 30 cm, pour gravel or broken brick down and pour in the mortar, previously reinforcing the trench with an old wire, pieces of reinforcement and rods.
It is also recommended to install a timber or just a metal corner in the solution to fix the frame. This can be done literally an hour after pouring, or even a little earlier. In addition, if you think through the design completely, you need to install the main pillars at the corners of the foundation under the walls.
Install the frame
On the finished foundation or beam, which was installed in advance, we expose the frame made of wood, tightly knock it between ourselves and the main pillars of the structure, fix and form the roof.
Now we embed the structure on the outside with a board, leaving openings for windows, doors, doors. We proceed to the upholstery from the inside, preliminarily laying between the layers of wood a material that ensures the tightness of the structure. It can be both roofing material and a film. It is also possible to insulate the structure by laying high density foam inside the upholstery. Thus, in the cold season, heating the dovecote will be much easier.
Depending on the project, the roof can be single-pitched or gable. It is also possible to provide in advance a small balcony - an aviary from a net for walking pigeons, if the pen is not defined inside the house.
The roof is made on a simple wooden frame with roofing material and slate. It is better not to use other material, since in addition to atmospheric phenomena, it will also be influenced by the birds themselves. Slate, in this case, will serve the best and the longest.
Arranging dovecote inside
At the end of the main construction, it is required to make the most appropriate internal arrangement of the structure.
To do this, you can re-read the sections above and proceed!
First of all, we complete the interior decoration with a board, make a high-quality floor, increase the tightness by blowing.
Next, we turn to communications - we conduct electricity, install a well-protected heater, arrange ventilation openings.
The next stage is the installation of perches separately for each individual. You can make perches by the honeycomb method, or you can just fill the bars just below the ceiling, in 30-35 centimeters. You can also make just shelves on which the pigeons themselves will find their place.
Now go to the nests. They can be made half as large as perches, but placed next to them or even staggered with perches. To do this, you will need small wooden boxes, the size of which is determined by the requirements of the pigeon breed.
We build feeders with departments for feeding, drinking bowls with or without automation. We hope that it is not worth talking about the frequency of feeding pigeons and replacing water, because you, as a good host, will do this several times a day. Do not forget to also provide feeders and drinking bowls for chicks!
At this stage, the internal arrangement is completed. Further, only the installation of doors, windows, fixing the enclosure in the area where you decided to install it and other worries about the little things.
Remember that only properly designed, clean, dry, well-ventilated and warmed dovecote will become a comfortable home for your pets!
Country dovecote (video)
DIY dovecote in the country - A new business and even an event, because construction is already taking place not only to satisfy one's own desires, but also to ensure the life of beautiful and very interesting birds that will delight you with their presence every day.