The decorative qualities of yew make it very attractive for use in the country. The beauty of this tree was noticed even in the Baroque era, when yew trees were often used in hedges, to create borders and simply planted in gardens. The thick, hard crown of yew, however, cuts well. will tell which yew varieties are most suitable for cultivation in the country.
The evergreen yew belongs to the genus Taxus. These conifers are longevity and can be found in various places on our planet. Yew is a dioecious species, that is, it can be male and female plants, this feature is quite rare for representatives of conifers. On male plants, balls with golden pollen were formed at one time, and female plants develop seeds with a red pericarp. It is interesting that yew, although coniferous, does not have cones, instead it has berries and fruits, but for a person they, like its seeds, are completely inedible and even poisonous.
It tolerates poor conditions better than most conifers, it will grow on covered soils, it does not need a lot of sunlight, so it feels good even in a shaded place, while the polluted atmosphere does not pose a big threat to it. With all this, yew will wither away on poorly drained or excessively moist soils.
The color of the leaves is dark green, the size is small - from 1.5 to 3.5 cm, grow in two rows.
Yew lives up to 3000 years, but his growth is extremely slow.
Types and varieties of yew: berry and conifer
On the summer cottage from some varieties of yew you can create magnificent hedges and live fences. Below we describe some of the most popular varieties used for this purpose.
Yew berry is very popular among summer residents, the varieties of which are upright growing, while varieties growing in the form of a bush with a beautiful dense crown are also found.
The properties of the Fastigiata variety, which also belongs to the species of yew berry, makes it very convenient for the formation of live fences. He has a straight trunk, short branches are often located, grows up to 1-2 m.
Fastigiata Aurea is a variety with yellow needles, and Fastigiata Aureomarginta has a yellow border on the leaves. From the undersized yews, the Semperaurea variety with yellow coloration can be distinguished.
There are varieties among yew trees and creeping on the ground, such as Repandens, characterized by very slow growth. Over a decade, it will grow by only 50 centimeters, but despite the thick trunk, it always retains the correct shape of an umbrella. Creeping, horizontally growing branches that cling to the ground depart from the trunk. Needles up to 3 cm, dark green in color with a bluish tint, poisonous to animals and humans. This variety is propagated by vaccination and using layering.
It is often used for landscaping a terrace, grows well in a container, is good for group plantings and as an element of a rock garden.
A beautiful rounded bush forms the Hicksti variety, a medium yew species. The trunk is straight, up to 2 m in height, while the branches are quite sparse, the color of the needles is dark green.
The variety Nana yew spiky - also from creeping slow-growing varieties. The crown of this short tree is wide-spread, the ends of the needles are painted yellow.
Yew tree in the country (photo)
Yew is widely used for garden design due to its properties such as good shade tolerance and tolerance of pruning. The variety of forms of yew allows you to use it for different purposes. High tree-like and columnar varieties can be planted separately, their spectacular appearance is always impressive. And for group plantings, almost all varieties, without exception, are suitable, next to them it is recommended to plant other flowering shrubs.
Especially often choose yew to create hedges, yew crown can quite easily be given the desired shape and create a magnificent green wall. Near the yew, many species of shrubs of ornamental species look very advantageous. Against the background of its green needles, roses, magnolias and other perennial flowering plants look wonderful.
Planting and caring for yew in the country
As already mentioned, yew is very unpretentious, prefers calcareous soils that are well permeable to water. For planting, it is better to use seedlings in containers. When purchasing seedlings, pay attention to the needles to look healthy. For planting, you will need to dig a hole with a depth equal to the size of an earthen coma around the roots and 2 times wide. After removing the plant from the container, you need to slightly loosen the lump of earth around the roots with your fingers and straighten the wrinkled roots. Then you should lower the seedling into the hole and fill it with fertilized soil. Tamping the soil, you need to water it. In the northern latitudes for yew, it is recommended to choose places that are calm and not in the sun, you can also make a fence using burlap for this.
Yew pruning should be done so that the sections of the lower branches are covered with branches growing higher. Every spring, old shoots of brown color must be removed. In summer, the crown of the yews forming the hedge can be shaped like a ball or cone.