Each summer resident grows cucumbers, and it does not matter, in a greenhouse or open ground. It is more important to understand agricultural technology and not to make mistakes, otherwise there will be no harvest on the beds or in the greenhouse. Therefore, today we decided to study the main problems and mistakes when growing cucumbers.
Planting, garter, watering and covering are far from the main points in the cultivation of cucumbers, although very serious. It is necessary to understand all the smallest details and favorable factors, and only then is a good harvest possible in which each cucumber will be one to one. If serious mistakes are made, which we will discuss later, the color and ovary will dry out and fall off, and the fruits will turn yellow, lose their shape, disappear on the stem.
All problems when growing cucumbers can be prevented or solved on time, and only in this case it is possible that your efforts will not be in vain.
What difficulties can we face
We want to say right away that the signs of problems, as well as they themselves, can vary depending on the geographical location, climate, landforms, the general temperature and its differences, the quality and composition of the soil, as well as dozens of factors and, naturally, your personal attitude to cultivated plants. But let's hope that the list of tips compiled by our experts will help you at least partially solve problems and significantly increase the yield, while at the same time putting its quality to the required level!
Common crop diseases
One of the reasons for the frequent illnesses of cucumbers is a thickened planting. In this case, the plants cannot be properly processed, interfere with each other's development, are not ventilated and delay a lot of infections in the density of greenery that would have to weather. In addition, a very dense planting dies faster, because even if the disease or pests of cucumbers were detected on time (at least quickly), they already managed to spread to many plants in the garden or in the greenhouse.
It should be remembered that, depending on the variety, there should be 2-4 plants per square meter of planting. We try to occupy as much land as possible, planting cucumbers every 10-15 cm in a row, which is very wrong and leads to problems.
Insect attacks on cucumbers
Pest colonies can ruin a crop in two counts. This is well known to readers who follow our news through a subscription and have studied material about spider mites and other insect pests. But serious damage is also possible due to the life of the cucumber mosquito and the sprout fly.
These insects can breed well in organics, which green beds fertilize. And most often they appear if fertilizers are poorly embedded in the soil. Settling on organic fertilizers, insects lay eggs, from which larvae and adult insects develop, further destroying the bushes and fruits themselves. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly follow agricultural technology and be sure to look after the cucumbers in exactly the way that experts indicate.
Often cucumbers are attacked by a spider mite, which we again recall, since an insect can very quickly destroy plantings and crops. But the manifestation here is specific, but we want to pay attention to the yellowing of the leaf pointwise, as if acid had dripped onto it.
Such damage can cause desiccation and lethargy, and hence the abnormal development of the fetus. And what’s most interesting is the cause of the problem. It turns out that the cause may be the cover, which we use at the very beginning of cucumber cultivation, when the bushes are in the seedling stage. Further, film shelter is used to limit sunlight during the hot summers, which can burn green mass. And it is the film material that causes such burns.
We all know that cucumbers should not be watered in the heat, and even more so, irrigated by sprinkling, as burns are possible on the leaves. But at the same time, we independently create problems by pulling the film over the beds. After evening watering, we contribute to the appearance of condensation, which, gathering in drops, falls down on the leaves. Water on the leaves and the morning sun are the cause of burns.
Poor growth of young seedlings
The reason is simple - plants are clogged with stronger plants, as well as their root system. Therefore, weeds should be removed on time around and inside the bed, thereby freeing the soil and contributing to an increase in the consumption of nutrients from the soil, which are now not spent on feeding weeds. In addition, planting without weeds is less dense, and therefore better ventilated and less susceptible to a variety of diseases!
The problem can occur for so many reasons, but one of the simplest is uneven harvesting. You should not wait a week to immediately collect a bucket of cucumbers, you should not wait two, because cultures love quick picking, at least every day. If you leave the cucumbers on the bush, this will significantly reduce the pace of development of young ovaries, which will certainly affect the final result.
Harvest every day, every other day or two, but not less often, especially at that moment when active fruiting has begun!
There are a lot of similar problems, and it is impossible to describe each of them in detail simply physically. Therefore, we put emphasis on the most frequent, and then we want to move on to the mistakes of summer residents, due to which these problems, as well as many others, arise.
Typical mistakes when growing cucumbers in the country
We will introduce a few more errors, since it will be much more correct to study them, and to exclude them as much as possible!
Incorrect ventilation of the beds
In no case do not allow drafts and sudden changes in temperature in the greenhouse if you decide to ventilate the cucumbers. This should be done only when the temperature exceeds + 30 ° C, and very carefully, alternately opening the greenhouse on each side.
Cucumbers love water, but only in constantly moderate amounts. Drying the soil is not worth it, but it is also not necessary to overfill, because if it is a greenhouse, then a constant stagnation of moisture in the soil is a direct way to rot and various pests, which it will be too difficult to remove from this environment!
Inept formation of bushes
If you leave the plantings to your own devices, then this is exactly the kind of crop you get - weak and very insignificant. Therefore, try not only to water and ventilate, tie up and carefully feed the plants, but also to shape them.
Be sure to remove the extra shoots by pinching to reduce the density of the bush. This is especially necessary at first, and in the lower part of the bush. Remove the axillary shoots a few sheets from the surface of the soil, do this in the morning until the sun is so high.
Landing in one place
If the cucumbers gave a good harvest, this is not a reason to grow them in one place for decades. No, of course, this is possible, and we will only be happy if a good and rich soil can saturate the plants with nutrients. But often the soil accumulates not only positive, but also negative factors - infections, insect larvae and so on. And, even if in the first few years the cucumbers were not sick, then later they can be completely destroyed in the shortest possible time. Try to change your location at least once every few years.
Landing by calendar
The lunar calendar, the holiday calendar, other dates are not at all a reason to focus on them, because planting plants has a number of requirements, this also applies to cucumbers. It is necessary to choose the best moment in the weather, wait for the soil to warm up, calculate the planting time so that the seedlings are not damaged by night frosts. Of course, sometimes, let's say, the seeds planted on “Clean Thursday” give excellent seedlings, but we do not advise you to get attached to this date!
Planting a very adult seedling
Cucumbers planted with seedlings often show good results, but you do not need to overexposure the seedlings, grow them up to half a meter and immediately transfer them to the open ground. There may be two negative factors at once - the seedlings cannot sustain their weight during transplantation and are injured, or the seedlings from the apartment (greenhouse) will not have time to adapt, will not harden and will simply disappear during the first draft or freezing.
Planting seeds in poor soil
Hoping for the usual chance, many summer residents practice planting in simple, poor soil. At the same time, they treat seeds with growth stimulants, produce stratification or otherwise prepare them for a better crop in the future. But all this is a waste of time if cucumbers are planted in soil that is not fertilized with organic matter. If you do not have the opportunity to use organic fertilizing, see our articles on compost and other fertilizers for the garden, with their help you can find a way out of the situation.
“Equal” to an environmental product
Why not? You always want to eat tasty and healthy, but it doesn’t always grow without proper processing. Many infections, pests and diseases are killed only by chemical means, and therefore you should either use very strong varieties and preach the ideal agricultural technique or treat the plantings as standard if you choose modern fast-growing hybrids.
Ignoring bush diseases
The leaves turned yellow - it's okay, one bush disappeared - it doesn’t matter, because there is still ... and so on. A very wrong opinion, because the signs of plant diseases in the garden are an alarming bell that requires immediate action. The triple treatment is generally considered correct, namely prophylactic, even if only slight signs of cucumber disease appeared. Treat the plants on the first leaves, just before flowering, or 10 days after the first treatment, and also two weeks before the appearance of greenhouses.
And again to fertilizers. Earlier we said that without organics, growing this crop is simply unrealistic. Organics gradually gives away nutrients and removes harmful salts from the soil. The same is with mineral fertilizers, which cucumbers love no less. But they love gradually and in small quantities. Therefore, you can feed the plants every ten days by pouring a bucket of water with mineral fertilizers per square meter (1 tablespoon of complex fertilizer per 10 liters of water).
Waiting for Large Cucumbers
In no case should you collect large fruits, or rather, constantly wait for them. It turns out that cucumber is a smart plant that works not for crops, but for seeds. Therefore, if on a bush you are waiting for a large-sized fruit, by its appearance the growth of the rest simply stops. Do not let the plant get closer to its goal, and then you will get a much larger crop!
More plants in the garden - more crop!
In general, the wrong principle, since each cultivar has a recommended planting density. In general, it is correct to grow only a few bushes per square meter (although in the dachas we plant seeds every 15-20 cm). See the landing instructions for each new variety and be sure to follow the recommendations!
This list of typical errors is also incomplete, and many of them may be regional, directly dependent on the variety and other factors. Therefore, just try to observe agricultural technology, love plants and provide them with the best care. It is in this case that a quality crop is possible.
Mistakes and problems in growing cucumbers even the most experienced pros have it, and therefore you shouldn’t be upset if for the second or third year in a row you are unable to reach your goals. Every day you gain a certain experience and study with us, and therefore we will soon have a really serious harvest of juicy and crispy cucumbers.
Learning to grow cucumbers correctly (video)
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