It seems that many today are familiar with such a plant as gentian. Its medicinal properties and its decorative benefits are known. Is it possible to grow a culture on your own in order to be able to admire this miracle and use its healing flowers and roots? Of course yes. Let's dwell on this in more detail.
Gentian - a perennial or annual (depending on species) plant, distributed on all continents in the tropical and subtropical climatic zones. The family has more than 500 species. However, most plants grow in alpine and subalpine meadows. Their flowers are usually blue, sometimes yellow or white, and the stems are short and straight. One species best known to all of us - blue gentian - is colloquially known as blue St. John's wort. We all know that St. John's wort, like other types of gentian, is widely used as a medicinal raw material.
How to plant a plant
Today in stores, if you work hard, you can find all possible types of gentian. The most simple and unpretentious can be considered European fins and Asian seven-parted. These species grow well in partial shade and in fertile leafy soil. The most cultivated is yellow gentian. You can, however, choose other types of plants. Novice gardeners can decide on a planting in this way:
- first, stratify (put them for a certain time in a place with low temperature and high humidity until the sprout hatch) seeds, then plant them in plates, and plant them in open ground closer to June;
- or sow seeds in the fall in open ground, but the ground should be well prepared, cleaned of pebbles and weeds. It also needs to be sieved and leveled.
When landing, remember the following:
- choose the right type of soil depending on the type of plant (calcareous, slightly acidic, acidic and others), but the soil must be moist;
- remember that the gentian seeds germinate rather slowly, for seedlings it is better to plant them in the period from January to April, but if you can add artificial light, you can plant it closer to winter (from October and later);
- so that the crop sprouts as soon as possible, the seeds can be stratified;
- the plant needs light, but direct sunlight should be avoided;
- the best temperature for the crop is observed during spring: from +15 to +18 degrees.
Yellow gentian: interesting facts
What you need to know about plant care
Here are some rules to keep in mind for better gentian growth:
- plantings must be watered frequently;
- it is desirable to fertilize the soil (best rotted manure);
- weed planting in a timely manner;
- protect the plant from the scorching sun, but provide it with light (do not plant next to deciduous trees);
- some species like high humidity, so it is better to plant them on the banks of water bodies.
Gentian can reproduce in three ways: from its seeds, by cuttings or by division. Some species of plants can reproduce in one way.
Things to remember:
- it is best to separate processes in the spring (it is possible and in the fall);
- seeds are stored for a maximum of a year in a dry place at room temperature;
- cuttings are also better to separate in the spring-autumn period.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about interesting options for making decorative fences for flower beds.
Beneficial properties of gentian
Both the root of the plant and the flowers with leaves are very useful, since they contain biologically active substances that positively affect the body in various diseases. In general, gentian is deservedly considered an excellent tonic. Most often, yellow gentian is used as a medicinal plant.
The root of the plant is useful in that:
- lowers temperature;
- increases the level of hemoglobin in the blood (important for people suffering from anemia);
- increases blood pressure in hypotensive patients to normal;
- stimulates the digestive tract.
Grass is also used for:
- arousal of appetite;
- improving the formation of bile;
- improve liver and gall bladder;
- treatment of flatulence and constipation;
- treatment of rheumatoid arthritis;
- elimination of seizures;
- tuberculosis treatment;
- worm output;
- expectorant effect;
- eliminate heartburn;
- allergy relief;
- strengthening heart contractions;
- scarring of difficult wounds;
- treatment of some eye diseases.
It should be noted that the yellow gentian is now under strict protection due to excessive extermination.
Use in landscape design
In landscape design, gentian is used in different ways. If you want, drop her along a stone path, in a curb landing. The rocky hill will also take culture well. This plant also goes well with stone. You will also be pleased with the gentian planted with a continuous carpet - you can’t take your eyes off the blue cover, and the yellow variety will delight the eye with its sunny color.
We also offer you to learn how to make a living border from plants.
Combination options with other plants
Gentian goes well with sage, sedge, bells. Plants that bloom either earlier or later than others, in nature grow next to cereal crops. Some species will make an excellent composition with ferns.
As partners for this culture, you should choose alpine plants:
- dwarf irises;
As you know, gentian is not only a beautiful plant that gives a lot of aesthetic pleasure to a person, but also a culture that brings great benefits to the human body. Planting does not take much time; growing it is not as difficult as it might have seemed at first. But the benefits and pleasures - do not count!