Orchid is a very ancient plant, numerous representatives of its family grow around the world. Many owners of such an indoor flower are often interested in how to plant it correctly and how to save it after purchase. This is not easy, but really possible.
Is it possible to plant an orchid
Caring for these flowers is not difficult, but you can correctly propagate them in various ways.
There are several options for the procedure:
- correctly formed bulbs;
- side shoots;
- dividing the bush.
When choosing a method of planting this unique and beautiful indoor plant, the appearance and varietal characteristics of the orchid are of the greatest importance. Some species do not form bulbs, so they are seated in other ways.
When is it better to plant an orchid
The best time for transplanting and breeding is springwhen full of strength flowers begin to wake up. Features of the process completely depend on the rules for the implementation of the selected method of such an event. Often root division is performed on plants with large sizes. Especially relevant is such an event for orchids, which became crowded in the planting pot, as a result of which the bulb becomes visible.
Most often, this method of planting is used for sympodially growing species related to "Cymbidium", Cattleya, Oncidium, Miltonia and "Dendrobium", that is, plants with the characteristic presence of several growth points at once.
The flower is carefully removed from the flower pot with a gentle separation of the rhizomes from the planting substrate. The disinfected scissors or secateurs cut the roots into several parts. On each such part two or three quality and healthy bulbs should be formed.
All sections obtained as a result of separation must be treated with powdered charcoal, which makes it possible to protect the orchid from diseases. Each new plant received should be planted in a separate planting pot. It is required to perform daily spraying and rarely enough to water until the leaves or new shoots appear.
Transplanting a baby orchid "Phalaenopsis"
How to plant an orchid
Most often, at home, reproduction is carried out by the so-called "children." It should be remembered that this method is suitable only for such orchid species as Dendrobium and "Phalaenopsis." It is on them that "children" are formed, which are lateral shoots and are newly formed, fairly small plants.
The stimulating factor for the appearance of such "children" is considered to be quite high temperature indicators of indoor air, as well as feeding with nitrogen types of fertilizers. If a "baby" has formed on the orchid, then you should begin to perform regular sprayings, which will allow the development of the root system. A quality-sanitized knife is to be used, by means of which the side shoot is carefully separated from the main plant.
Absolutely all places of cuts must be treated with powdered charcoal, and the separated “baby” should be planted in a separate planting pot with a quality substrate.
It should be remembered that for the successful transplantation of indoor orchids, it is extremely important to use a suitable substrate, which is covered with moss on top.
The most common mistakes
Seeding is rarely accompanied by any gross errors that can significantly affect the health and growth of the plant. For some types of orchids, an excellent propagation method is exclusively cuttings., which is important to consider for all growers cultivating"Dendrobiums" and "Epidendrum". It should be remembered that this method performs the planting of orchids precisely in the period from the first of March to the end of April.
Precipitation occurs no more than once every two or three years. It is imperative to pay attention to the phase of plant development before planting. You can not perform this type of event until the indoor orchid has finished blooming, and also until the plant releases new and fully formed leaves. It is during this period that the procedure for the plant will be less traumatic. Gentle planting will allow the flower to quickly adapt to new growing conditions and reduce the survival time after transplantation.
We also offer you to read an article on how to resuscitate an orchid.
Dividing the bush of the Cymbidium orchid
Tips & Tricks
For beginner gardeners, who relatively recently began to cultivate indoor orchids, it is extremely important to first familiarize themselves with all the subtleties and nuances of planting. Strict adherence to technology and knowledge of the basic principles of such a procedure will allow the flower to be planted quickly and with minimal traumatic factors. It is most important to choose the optimal period, and also, based on the type of indoor orchid, the type of planting.