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Many amateur gardeners believe that phlox does not require any care, and they can grow like weeds. But this opinion is incorrect. Phloxes really endure climate change and “bad” soil, but they will not survive for a long time. Especially careful care is required for plants in the fall.
Autumn Phlox Care: Nuances
For the winter, phlox require mulching. If the winter is snowy, the plants will not freeze, but if there is little snow, they will die. Among other things, every year the root system of the phlox becomes larger, which means that it will have to be protected from freezing.
In the fall, phlox pruning is also actively performed right at the surface of the earth. Cut stems are burned or removed away from the plant. Before winter, plants are also treated for pests and diseases.
Autumn transplant: when and how to conduct
Phlox is transplanted not only in spring but also in autumn. Before winter, plants are transplanted early and medium flowering. The optimal period for the work is considered to be the beginning of September, when a renewal kidney is already forming on the phlox. The completion of work should occur no later than the beginning of October.
To plants are well rooted in a new place, peat mulching is carried out. Another point worth considering is the best rooting observed in those flowers whose leaves are still preserved.
Dates and pruning rules
All phloxes, regardless of variety, despite frost resistance, should be cut for the winter. If this process is not carried out, the plants may die. Pruning is carried out at the end of flowering.
Why do you need pruning in the autumn
Phlox pruning in the fall is carried out for a number of reasons:
- in order to avoid infection in the spring of the plant with fungi or pests;
- so that it is convenient to carry out fungicide treatment and mulching;
- to obtain a neat plant in the spring;
- for accumulation of nutrients in the root system;
- to prevent freezing;
- to prevent the occurrence of weak shoots.
When to trim
Pruning is recommended from the end of September to the end of October, when the plant is already well rooted, and the soil will freeze slightly. The end of pruning depends on the climate, it is important to finish it before the onset of cold weather.
Basic pruning rules
The pruning process itself includes cutting, fertilizing and mulching.
You can trim phloxes in two ways:
- leaving about 5 centimeters of the stem above the ground so that it subsequently retains snow;
- by ground level to prevent phlox infection.
After work, the base of the stem is treated with fungicides. All cut parts of the plant must be burned so that the phlox does not pick up the infection.
How to feed
There is nothing complicated in feeding. When the soil has already begun to freeze, mineral substances are introduced. Then they bring ash, which will not allow the appearance of pests.
Phlox: growing and care
How to mulch
Mulching is carried out ten days after processing. Such components as:
- fallen leaves;
The introduction of these elements makes it possible to obtain a healthy and strong plant in the spring. If you combine it with pruning, in the summer the phlox will please lush flowering.
How is the autumn landing of phlox
Phlox planting can be carried out not only in spring, but also in early autumn. In this case, do not tighten. Before planting, it is recommended that the roots of the plant be treated with Kornevin or another growth stimulant.
Increased attention to the roots
Before transplanting, it is important to familiarize yourself with the root system of phlox. Why is this needed? To properly land. Phlox roots are highly branched. They can go 20 cm deep, but the main part is concentrated in a layer located 10-12 cm from the ground level. The root system of flowers does not like when water stagnates.
If groundwater is located no lower than 15 cm from the ground level, phlox should not be planted. They will be washed with water. In this case, landing is carried out on pre-prepared ridges.
When to land
Autumn planting is conducted early - in early September. At this time, the plant already has growth buds. When planting in the fall at the phlox, part of the stem is cut to 1/3 of the length.
Selection of planting material
For planting in autumn, only high-grade material is suitable. It is recommended to purchase phlox in special nurseries or farms. When purchasing goods from amateurs, you should pay attention to:
- stems - must be at least two thick;
- leaves - there must be at least a few, strong;
- kidneys - should be large.
When buying flowers with a trimmed stem, you should pay attention to the fact that its base should be smooth and greenish. There must be a label indicating the grade.
Question about the landing pattern
The distance between plants plays an important role. If the variety is undersized, between the flowers should remain about 40 cm. Medium-sized varieties require a greater distance - 0.5 m, and tall - about 70 cm.
Phlox - unpretentious plants, they can exist on any soil. However, the best option for them will be breathable, moderately moisture-permeable, loose soil. Landing in the lowlands in the autumn is strictly prohibited, since ice crust may appear on the ground.
Phlox prefer to be in partial shade or in the sun. In the first case, flowering will last longer, but the flowers will be small. In the second case, you can see lush flowers, but they will soon fade. When living in warm climates at noon, plants should be protected from the sun.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about what flowers can be planted in the autumn at the cottage.
How to pest control
Phlox has a number of major pests. We are talking about nematodes, slugs, caterpillars. But the most important enemy in the fall are nematodes.
Nematodes are small worms that feed on plant sap. In phlox, leaf and stem pests are often found, the presence of which leads to deformation of foliage and roots. Larvae of nematodes live for about a year and can move around the site during irrigation, with tools or plants.
How to get rid of nematodes
To get rid of nematodes, the following measures are taken:
- The bushes are dug up and burned.
- If it is necessary to preserve the plant, the most affected parts are removed.
- The procedure is carried out for another three years.
Rules for getting rid of slugs
Phlox is very harmful to slugs. In the afternoon, mollusks hide in the upper layer of soil, and at night or in the rain they creep out and eat the stem and flowers of the plant. For the most part seedlings suffer from slugs.
To get rid of slugs, you will have to timely get rid of weeds and loosen the soil. You can dust the tracks and soil with ash or lime “fluff”. Good effect is given by granules of metaldehyde and the unfolding of special traps.
Why transplant phlox
In the autumn period, you will have to deal closely with phlox. To properly prepare them for the winter, you should perform pruning, pest protection and transplantation if necessary. Planting a plant is also possible if you choose the right place and time.