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- 1Classifications of gladioli
- 2 Descriptions of varieties with photos
- 2.1White gladioli
- 2.1.1Moscow Belokamennaya 400-SR-99 Dybov, SSG 21/8 150
- 2.1.2 White Birch 500-S-02 Vasiliev, SG, 24/10
- 2.1.3Assol 301/401-SR-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 20/10, 140
- 2.1.4 Mountain ash on the Snow 501-RS-06 Kiselev, SSG, 20/8, 140
- 2.2 Green varieties
- 2.2.1 Radiant greens 402-S-02 Kuznetsov, SG, 22/8, 150
- 2.2.2 Green Fairy 403-RS-10 Tsarev, SSG, 22/10
- 2.2.3Grass - Muravushka 505-RS -05 Dybov, SSG, 23/9
- 2.3 Yellow and cream
- 1Krasava 513-OR-07 Dybov, SG, 24/10
- 2.3.2 Zest 513-CP-03 Dybov, SG, 22/10
- 2.3.3 Golden Antelope 414-С-07 Trifonov, SSG
- 2.3.4 Polovetsky dances 517-С-2000 Gromov, SG, 20/8
- 2.4 Fawn and orange
- 2.4.1Honey rescue 427-S-98 Dybov, SG, 23/10
- 2.4.2 Amber Baltic 523-S-85 Gromov, G, 23/10
- 2.4.3 Golden Symphony 423-CP-07 Vasiliev
- 2.5 Salmon varieties
- 2.5.1 Grand Duchess Elizabeth 532-SR-03 Kuznetsov, SSG, 23/12
- 2.5.2Pippi 435-RS-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 18/8, 130
- 2.6Rose varieties
- 2.6.1Love drink 542-CP-94 Dybov, SG, 22/9
- 2.6.2 Granddaughter cilia 443-S- 16 Vasiliev, SG, 20/9
- 2.7Red varieties
- 1Hungerka 558-RS-10 Tsarev, SG, 20/8, 140
- 2.7.2Give me a Smile 556-RS-2002 Dybov, SG, 24/12, 180
- 2.8Raspberry varieties
- 2.8.1Soul of Russia 565-SR-11 Kolganov, SSG, 24/10
- 2.8.2Vienna Symphony 563-С-10 Kolganov, SG, 22/9
- 2.9 Lilac varieties
- 2.9.1Aphrodite 575-С-05 Dybov, SG, 22/9
- 2.9.2 Divine Serenade 472-RS-06 Logutinsky, SG, 20/10, 120
- 2.10 Blue, purple and blue
- 2.10.1Admiral Ushakov 484-RS-10 Baranov, SG, 25/8
- 2.10.2 Paradise Gate 484-С-04 Miroshnichenko, SSG, 24/10
- 2.10.3 Ultraviolet 587-S-06 Trifonov, SG, 20/10
- 2.11 Brown and smoky gray
- 2.11.1Brown chalcedony 598-SR-95 Dybov, G, 22/9
- 2.11.2Silver Stream 492-RS-06 Baranov, G, 22/8
- 2.11.3Ancient Magic 495-RS-12 Baranov, G, 20/8, 130
- 2.1White gladioli
- 3Small gladioli
In our world, it is difficult to find a person, even a very small one, who would not be familiar with this flower. Already first graders have a good idea of what gladioli are, but if they knew how many varieties of these flowers exist in the world, they would be very surprised. Probably no flower has such an endless variety in the color of the inflorescences themselves. After all, gladioli are even green and brown, gray and almost black. And what is especially interesting is that it is Russia that currently occupies a leading position in the world in breeding work with gladioli, especially with large-flowered varieties.
This article will show a wide variety of gladioli, photos of which you can see here. Of the thousands of existing varieties, the best were selected, according to reviews of flower growers who have been breeding these gorgeous flowers for more than a year.
Classifications of gladioli
Like many other flowers, gladioli are very diverse. New colorful varieties appear every year. Already now an ignorant person can get completely confused in them. To facilitate this process, several classifications of these flowers were invented, which formed the basis of a special nomenclature, with which experienced florists can easily determine the basic data of a particular variety.
First of all, gladioli differ in terms of flowering time. Distinguish:
Color group name
How many days can pass after planting before inflorescences appear
About 72 days
Medium early, Wed
About 77 days
About 83 days
Medium late, cn
About 88 days
About 95 days
Gladioli can also differ in the diameter of one flower per inflorescence. On this basis, five different flower sizes are distinguished.
When describing the varieties of gladioli, after the name, the number of three digits always comes first. The first number just speaks about the size of the flower:
- Miniature flowers less than 6 cm in size.
- Small flowers, 6 to 9 cm in diameter.
- Medium flowers, ranging in size between 9 and 11 cm.
- Quite large flowers, with a diameter of 11 to 14 cm.
- Very large flowers with a diameter exceeding 14 cm.
The last two numbers in this number describe the main color, shade and different features of the patterns in the color of the flower. There are 11 basic colors for describing the color, including white. The descriptions of the most beautiful varieties of gladioli that follow will be arranged according to the basic colors that exist in the classification of these flowers.
The nomenclature usually also indicates data on the inflorescence: how many flowers are formed in it, and through a slash, data is given on how many flowers can be fully opened at the same time. The height of the plant is also often indicated.
In addition, gladioli can vary in the degree of corrugation of their petals. There are five grades to describe this, from non-corrugated (ng) to super-corrugated (csg). The nomenclature of each variety must also indicate the year of registration of the variety and the surname of the breeder.
Descriptions of varieties with photos
Below will be presented the best varieties of gladioli, both in their beauty and in their unpretentiousness in growing, ease of reproduction, good and powerful growth. Most of them are varieties of gladioli of Russian selection, since they showed the best adaptability to difficult Russian climatic conditions. In addition, as noted above, in terms of the beauty and variety of varieties of large-flowered gladioli, Russian breeders have no competitors.
Varieties of white gladioli come in pure snow-white shades, but there is also a large group of white flowers with a variety of colored blotches, specks, eyes, etc. The most popular and adapted to Russian conditions are early and mid-early varieties. The parade of white gladioli will begin with them.
Moscow White stone 400-SR-99 Dybov, SSG 21/8 150
Using this variety as an example, you can practice reading the description of gladioli varieties. 400 means that the size of the flower (4) is from 11 to 14 cm, and 00 means that the color of the flowers is pure white without specks.
CP - means that the variety is medium early, which means that it blooms somewhere in July.
99 - the year of registration, Dybov - the breeder's surname, SSG - means super strong corrugated flower petals, 21/8 - the total number of flowers in the inflorescence / the number of flowers opened at the same time.
Finally, the last number 150 indicates the height of the gladiolus.
Moscow Belokamennaya is one of the most valuable white varieties. She has repeatedly won prizes at flower exhibitions.
The petals of these flowers are very dense, almost waxy. The flowers are quite resistant to rain, but due to their high height, they require a garter.
White Birch 500-S-02 Vasiliev, SG, 24/10
In this gladiolus, young flowers have a creamy hue, only when fully expanded they become pure white. Flowers grow very vigorously and well. We won several Moscow exhibitions.
Next, several early varieties of gladioli of the main white color, but with a variety of patterns, will be presented.
Assol 301/401-SR-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 20/10, 140
This variety can vary in size from medium to large, so there are two numbers at the beginning of the description. If a three-digit number ends with an odd digit, it means that there are specks, specks or edges in the color of the flower.
This variety has a very beautiful contrasting combination of ruby color in the center with white and gold at the edges.
Mountain ash on the Snow 501-RS-06 Kiselev, SSG, 20/8, 140
The inflorescence of this variety is very tough and straight. The petals are dense, almost waxy. The flowers are a wonderful early cut. Flowers were prize-winners of the Moscow exhibition in 2009.
Green gladioli are still not so often seen in the collections of flower growers - they are very unusual in appearance. The most valuable and interesting varieties are those in which the color of the flowers is purely green without admixtures of yellow or white.
Radiant greens 402-С-02 Kuznetsov, SG, 22/8, 150
The plants have a very strong inflorescence. The petals are also very dense. It is appreciated by flower growers for reliable flowering in all weather conditions. It multiplies and grows well.
Green Fairy 403-RS-10 Tsarev, SSG, 22/10
One of the most beautiful green varieties. It shimmers in all possible shades of green against the background of super-corrugated petals.
Grass - Muravushka 505-RS -05 Dybov, SSG, 23/9
The variety has repeatedly won at various exhibitions. It is considered one of the best among green gladioli in terms of a combination of different characteristics.
Yellow and cream
Yellow gladioli symbolize the sun's rays.
Important! One of the advantages of yellow flowers is their high resistance to diseases, inherent in the genetic level.
Krasava 513-OR-07 Dybov, SG, 24/10
As you can see from the nomenclature, this variety is one of the earliest. Under good conditions, it can bloom at the end of June. In addition, with such a large inflorescence of 24 flowers, up to ten of them are kept open. For early varieties, this is very rare.
Zest 513-SR-03 Dybov, SG, 22/10
This gladiolus has a very beautiful rich yellow color with a crimson stroke in the center. A feature of the variety is that its baby blooms in the year of planting.
Golden Antelope 414-С-07 Trifonov, SSG
It is considered one of the best yellow monochromatic varieties. Even the inner petals are decorated with fringes.
Polovtsian Dances 517-С-2000 Gromov, SG, 20/8
One of the most beautiful gladioli, where red-pink radiant spots shimmer against a bright yellow background. The inflorescence is very dense and powerful.
Fawn and orange
Gladioli of these flowers symbolize the happiness of life and give a warm, festive, joyful mood.
Honey Spas 427-S-98 Dybov, SG, 23/10
The inflorescence has an ideal shape and rich orange - honey color. These gladioli grow beautifully and are wonderful when cut.
Amber Baltic 523-S-85 Gromov, G, 23/10
The variety was bred back in 1985 and still has not lost its popularity. It is very easy to care for and reproduces well.
Golden Symphony 423-CP-07 Vasiliev
Very beautiful and delicate gladioli belong to the fawn color among the orange flowers.
It is quite appropriate to give salmon flowers to the celebration for both men and women.
The most famous and popular salmon gladiolus is
Grand Duchess Elizabeth 532-CP-03 Kuznetsov, SSG, 23/12
This variety has won numerous exhibitions and was even sent to Holland to undergo various tests. A real masterpiece, both in beauty and in unpretentiousness.
Pippi 435-RS-08 Krasheninnikov, G, 18/8, 130
Gladiolus is very unusual and beautiful colors. Differs in good health, reproduces remarkably.
Bouquets of pink gladioli are perfect for a gift for young girls, as they symbolize purity and tenderness.
Love drink 542-CP-94 Dybov, SG, 22/9
The variety has good disease resistance, gives a lot of strong and healthy babies. It is considered one of the best among pink flowers.
Among the newest varieties of gladioli, I would like to highlight
Granddaughter's eyelashes 443-S- 16 Vasiliev, SG, 20/9
Although this variety was bred only a year ago, it already enjoys great popularity and love among flower growers both for its charming appearance and for its resistance to external conditions.
Red symbolizes active vital energy and gives self-confidence and courage. Bouquets will be great at any celebration.
Hungarian 558-RS-10 Tsarev, SG, 20/8, 140
An amazing plant that combines early flowering, dark petals and good health at the same time. A very rare combination of qualities.
Give me a Smile 556-RS-2002 Dybov, SG, 24/12, 180
It is considered one of the best red gladioli. Differs in strong growth and good health. Prizewinner of many exhibitions.
Bright crimson flowers, symbolizing energy, power and strong feelings, are the best fit for business people and women in creative professions. They are good in contrasting bouquets with snow-white gladioli.
Soul of Russia 565-SR-11 Kolganov, SSG, 24/10
Gladiolus, very refined in beauty, resembles some orchids in the structure of the petals. Previously, flowers of a similar shape in gladioli could not even be imagined.
Vienna Symphony 563-С-10 Kolganov, SG, 22/9
Gladiolus has a very powerful inflorescence with beautiful iridescence of raspberry-milky shades. It is very popular.
Go well with pinks in bouquets for young women and girls.
Aphrodite 575-С-05 Dybov, SG, 22/9
The petals of this gladiolus are very dense, waxy. The inflorescence is straight and also quite dense.
Divine Serenade 472-RS-06 Logutinsky, SG, 20/10, 120
Both the color and the corrugation of the gladiolus cannot cause anything but admiration. It is very popular.
Blue, purple and blue
These cold tones will be appropriate in a business setting and at festive banquets. They give an impression of loyalty, dignity and seriousness.
Admiral Ushakov 484-RS-10 Baranov, SG, 25/8
The bush of this gladiolus is very powerful, the inflorescence is long and strong. The color is saturated. A real handsome man and winner of Moscow flower exhibitions.
Paradise Gate 484-С-04 Miroshnichenko, SSG, 24/10
One of the best and most popular gladioli in this color category. The petals are dense, waxy. It is characterized by good growth and resilience. A wonderful cut.
Ultraviolet 587-S-06 Trifonov, SG, 20/10
A real purple handsome man with a perfectly tall and strong two-row inflorescence. The inflorescences are very dense.
Brown and smoky gray
These color shades have appeared relatively recently. The newest varieties of gladioli try to outperform each other in original color combinations of smoky and brown, with possible blotches of other shades. One of the first, which has already become almost a classic, is
Brown chalcedony 598-SR-95 Dybov, G, 22/9
One of the best brown gladioli. The plant is very vigorous with a strong inflorescence. It is characterized by a unique combination of smoky brown tones with a purple hue.
Silver Stream 492-RS-06 Baranov, G, 22/8
Gladiolus with a unique inimitable color. One of the favorites of florists. It is exotic. Prizewinner of many exhibitions.
Ancient Magic 495-RS-12 Sheep, G, 20/8, 130
Exotic, very rare colored gladiolus. It is a masterpiece of many gardeners' collections.
Already about a hundred years ago, interesting undersized varieties of gladioli were bred in Holland. In height, these flowers usually do not exceed 40-60 cm. Of course, in terms of the beauty of the inflorescences, they are not as spectacular as their large-flowered counterparts, but they have enough other advantages that allow flower growers to happily grow them in their area.
- These flowers are more hardy and unpretentious.In the southern regions of Russia, stunted gladioli can not even be dug out for the winter and left to winter directly in the open field.
- Dwarf gladioli bloom much earlier - in June you can admire their colorful inflorescences.
- Due to their short stature, the flowers do not need support, which means there is no need to tie them up.
- They combine well with other flowers and fit more organically into various flower arrangements in flower beds.
One of the most famous and popular varieties in Russia at the present time is Nymph, or Nymph, a photo of the flowers of which can be seen below.
The Peach Blossom also looks good, captivating with the tenderness of its inflorescences.
Often undersized gladioli are sold in Russia in sets of a mixture of varieties, so it is rather difficult to identify other varieties.
From all of the above, it becomes quite easy to understand that gladioli are beautiful and varied in color and shape flowers, among which everyone can choose something to their liking.