We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
One of the most popular vegetables in the vastness of the Slavic lands is onion. Especially in various dishes, the following types are widely used: multi-tiered, leek, batun, onion. Some varieties are grown for green petals, while others are grown for turnip use. But there are many summer residents who do not stop there and develop their knowledge and are engaged in the cultivation of special varieties of crops that are less common in Russia.
One of these varieties is Exibishen onions. This is a mid-season type of vegetable crop. It was bred in Holland and has a relatively large size. Subject to the elementary rules for caring for Exhibishen onions, many summer residents get an excellent harvest, for example, from 1 m2 collect 3 kg of culture. One onion weighs an average of 120-500 g. In addition to being large in size, Exibichen is also in demand by consumers due to its excellent taste. Has a pleasant sweetish taste, without bitterness. Exibition belongs to salad varieties, therefore it is a perishable product. In this article, we will talk about how to grow Exhibishen onions, as well as about the features of caring for them.
Growing in boxes, cassettes, cups
The seedling method of growing Exibishen onions is a rather complicated and troublesome business. However, this growing technique allows the largest bulbs to be grown. Seeds are sown in the first decade of February, but before that they are prepared.
Seed preparation for sowing consists of three stages:
- The seed is kept in warm water for several hours.
- The seeds are then wrapped in wet material. They must lie in it for several days.
- The planting material is disinfected. For this, a manganese solution is made, at the rate of 1 g per 1 liter of water. The seeds should sit in the solution for 8 hours. The solution temperature should be about 400FROM.
Another important stage is the preparation of containers and soil for sowing seeds. To prepare the soil, you will need a rotted mullein, turf soil and humus in a 1: 9: 9 ratio. This mixture is used to fill the Exibishen onion planting containers. Plastic cups, boxes and cassettes can be used as containers. The seeds are sifted thickly. The depth of the sowing well should be approximately 1.5 cm. The sown planting material is covered with plastic wrap or glass. The place where the seedlings will germinate should be warm and shaded. 10 days after the sprouts appear, you need to remove the film or glass and move the Exhibitive bow to a sunny place. To accelerate the growth and development of onions, you can carry out weekly fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. They are bred at the rate of 0.5 g per 1 liter of water.
Experienced gardeners grow Exibition onions in so-called snails, which they independently make from a substrate for laminate flooring. This method is very convenient if you have little space to grow your seedlings.
In the process of growing onions in snails, a small amount of soil is required. In addition, finished snails take up little space on the balcony. A greenhouse effect is created in snails, due to which the seeds germinate perfectly.
We suggest you watch a video on how to plant onions in snails. In the video, not our onion variety is used for the sowing example, but the growing principle is the same:
Sowing on toilet paper
Some gardeners use ordinary toilet paper to sow Exibishen seeds. It is cut into strips having a width of about 3 cm. A paste is also prepared in advance. When sowing seeds, it must be cold. Paste recipe: 1 tsp for 0.5 cups of water. starch, all this is stirred and brought on fire until thickened. The paste should not boil. The cooled paste is applied to paper with a toothpick in small drops. The distance between the droplets should be at least 5 cm. The seeds are immersed in the droplets of paste.
Fertilizer can be added to the chilled paste so that the seeds have enough nutrients. The dried strips are rolled into rolls and placed in plastic bags before landing in the ground. The technique was appreciated for the fact that during the growing season there is no need for weeding onions. In addition, seed consumption is reduced. Seeds sprout within 10 days.
The optimum temperature for seed germination can vary between 20-25 ℃. So that the seedlings do not stretch out, after the seeds begin to sprout en masse, the temperature in the room is reduced to 150C. Planting containers can be taken out to the loggia. The film is removed and the seedlings are provided with sufficient light. Once a day, the seedlings are opened for airing. Further feeding of onions is carried out every 10 days. They introduce either organic or mineral fertilizers.
In the future, the seedlings of Exhibichen bulbs must be provided with high-quality care. The air temperature must be maintained within 10-220C. As mentioned above, you need to provide the onions with timely watering. Water for irrigation should be warm and settled. It is equally important to ventilate the room in which the seedlings grow.
After 2 months, about 2 weeks before planting in open ground, young onions are hardened by taking them out to the balcony or outside. During this period, potash nitrate is introduced into the soil at the rate of 1 g per 1 liter of water. If the green onions begin to lodge, then trim them, leaving 10 cm above the ground. The cut part can be used to make spring salads.
Open ground transplant
In the first ten days of May, when the Exhibichen onion is sufficiently strong, it can be planted in open ground, deepening the roots by about 3 cm. The place of permanent dislocation of the culture should be illuminated. The soil should be neutral acidic, moisture-absorbing, loose and breathable.
Warning! Before planting seedlings, manure should not be applied to open ground, as this will lead to the growth of loose bulbs.
Holes are made in the soil and spilled with water, the seedlings are planted at a distance of about 20–30 cm from each other. Each bulb is separated and planted in a hole, pressing the soil around it. After transplanting, the seedlings are watered daily.
To protect the Exhibichen onion from pests and diseases, carrots should be planted near it. These 2 crops do an excellent job with all the parasites that threaten them. Potash, nitrogen, magnesium and phosphorus fertilizers can be used as mineral fertilizers. But moderation is needed in everything, fertilization is no exception. Overdoing it can cause irreparable harm to crops. Follow the instructions for the preparations and then you will be able to feed the onions correctly.
Advice! After each watering and fertilization, the beds should be loosened.
In July, watering is significantly reduced. This way, the bulbs will be able to ripen, which will contribute to their longer storage.
Pest and disease control
No matter how the gardener takes care of the Exhibichen onion, from time to time he gets sick. To cope with such circumstances, you need to have certain skills.
The most common onion ailment is rot that affects the bottom of the plant. It is most often noticeable when the vegetable is ripe. As a result, the bulb softens and rots, long-term storage of a sick vegetable is impossible. When the rot is already detected, the bulb cannot be saved. Therefore, the disease must be prevented by providing the Exibishen onion with proper care. It is unacceptable that water stagnates in the beds. Before planting seedlings, you need to drain the soil. For this, its upper layer is removed and drainage is made from sand, gravel and turf by 3 cm, drainage is sprinkled with a small layer of earth, and then the vegetable is planted.
Another common onion disease is smut. It manifests itself in the appearance of translucent dark gray stripes located on the leaves. The affected areas of the culture are removed. To avoid the formation of disease, plant onions on the same bed no earlier than 4 years later. That is how long the spores of fungi retain their ability to spoil onions.
Gray rot is manifested in the decay of the neck of the onion head, and then all of its parts. Affected bulbs must be destroyed, thus protecting healthy ones. If agrotechnical rules are followed, the disease can be prevented.
The stem nematode is caused by a small worm up to 0.5 mm in size. Twisted and light colored onion feathers are the first sign of illness. The bulbs, when affected by the stem nematode, rot and crack, as the worm multiplies inside. The diseased plant must be urgently removed, because, otherwise, the worm will crawl onto a healthy onion. In order to avoid this disease, it is important to observe crop rotation, lime the land on time and use only healthy planting material.
With the right care and the use of healthy seeds, Exhibiting onions shouldn't be too difficult to grow. And after 70 days, you can enjoy the sweetish taste of the plant without shedding a single tear.
We also suggest you watch a video about the features of growing onions: