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Crimean black tomato: reviews, characteristics

Crimean black tomato: reviews, characteristics


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The Black Crimea tomato became widespread thanks to Lars Olov Rosentrom. The Swedish collector drew attention to this variety when visiting the Crimea peninsula.

Since 1990, the tomato has become widespread in the USA, Europe and Russia. It is grown in greenhouse conditions and in the open air.

Description of the variety

According to the photo and reviews, the Black Crimea tomato corresponds to the following description:

  • mid-early ripening;
  • 69-80 days pass from planting seeds to harvesting;
  • indeterminate bush;
  • tomato height - 1.8 m;
  • disease resistance.

The fruits of the Black Crimea tomatoes have a number of features:

  • large tomatoes weighing 500 g;
  • flat-round shape;
  • fleshy fruits with dense skin;
  • unripe tomatoes are green-brown;
  • in the process of ripening, the fruits acquire a burgundy, almost black hue;
  • high taste;
  • average dry matter content.

Variety yield

Up to 4 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush of the Black Crimea variety. These tomatoes are not subject to long-term storage and transportation.

The fruits of the variety are used for making salads, juices, mashed potatoes, first and second courses. For canning, these tomatoes are too large and soft, so it is recommended to eat them fresh or process them.

Landing order

Tomato Black Crimea can be obtained by seedlings. For this, seeds are planted at home in small boxes. When the plants reach one and a half to two months, they are transferred to a greenhouse or to an open area.

It is allowed to plant seeds directly in open ground under favorable climatic conditions in the region.

Seedling preparation

To obtain tomato seedlings, a soil is prepared, consisting in equal proportions of humus and sod land. It is recommended to pre-treat the soil by heating it in the oven or placing it in the freezer. After 2 weeks, you can start planting.

Seed material is also processed. It is soaked in warm water for a day to stimulate the emergence of sprouts. Purchased tomato seeds have already undergone a similar treatment, so you can start planting them right away.

Advice! Boxes or cups 10 cm deep are prepared for seedlings.

Furrows are made on the surface of the soil to a depth of 1 cm. The seeds are placed every 2 cm. After planting, the containers are covered with glass or film, after which they are left in a dark and warm place.

According to reviews on the Black Crimean tomato, at a temperature of 25-30 degrees, shoots appear in 3 days. If the ambient temperature is lower, then the growth will take longer.

The seedlings are rearranged on the windowsill, and they provide constant illumination for 12 hours. Periodically, tomatoes are watered to prevent the soil from drying out.

Planting in a greenhouse

Tomato seedlings, which have reached 20 cm in height, are transferred to the greenhouse. Such plants have 3-4 leaves and a developed root system.

Dig up the soil for tomatoes in the fall. The top layer of soil is removed in order to avoid the spread of diseases and pests in the future. Tomatoes are not grown in one place for two years in a row.

Advice! In the fall, humus or compost is introduced into the soil.

The Black Crimean variety is planted in rows or staggered. Leave 60 cm between the plants, and 70 cm between the rows.

For planting tomatoes, a hole is made into which the root system is placed. Then the roots of the plant fall asleep and compact the earth a little. The final stage is watering the plants.

Landing in open ground

In regions with a warm climate, seedlings of the Black Crimea variety are transferred to open ground. Reviews for the Black Crimean tomato show that these tomatoes grow well in the open air.

The planting scheme is as follows: an interval of 60 cm is maintained between the plants. Tomatoes can be planted in several rows.

Advice! For tomatoes, beds are chosen where cucumbers, turnips, cabbage, melons and legumes of vegetables previously grew.

If tomatoes or peppers have already grown on the beds, then the re-planting of the culture is not carried out. Compost or rotted manure is used as fertilizer for the soil.

In the fall, the beds need to be dug up. In the spring, deep loosening is carried out and pits are prepared for planting. Transfer tomatoes to open ground should be after the establishment of warm weather. The air and soil should warm up well. If the threat of cold snaps persists, then the tomatoes are covered with agrofibre.

In open ground, you can plant seeds of the Black Crimea variety. However, it will take longer to harvest.

Tomato care

The Black Crimea variety needs constant care. This includes watering and fertilizing. Plants are watered at least once a week. Fertilizers are applied every 2 weeks.

Reviews for the Black Crimea tomato indicate that the variety is rarely exposed to diseases. For prevention, it is recommended to follow agricultural techniques, avoid thickening of the plantings, and timely water and weed.

Since the variety is tall, it is tied to a support. To form a bush, extra shoots are pinched.

Stepson and tying

The Black Crimea tomato grows up to 1.8 m high, therefore it requires tying. A support made of wood or metal is installed next to each bush. As the tomatoes grow, they are tied to it at the top.

A bush of the Black Crimea variety is formed into one or two stems. If it is necessary to get large fruits, then one stem is left and the number of ovaries is normalized. When tomatoes are formed into two stems, the yield increases due to the large number of fruits.

When pinching, shoots growing from the leaf axils are eliminated. The procedure allows the plants to direct their forces towards the formation of the fruit. Shoots are broken off by hand before their length reaches 5 cm.

Watering plantings

Tomatoes are watered once or twice a week, depending on growing conditions and weather factors. The soil moisture content is maintained at 85%.

It is important to avoid dry crust formation on the soil surface. Therefore, after watering, the tomatoes are loosened and hilled.

Advice! 3-5 liters of water are added under each tomato bush.

Previously, the water must settle and warm up. The first watering is carried out immediately after the transfer of plants to a permanent place. The next application of moisture should take place a week later, so that the plants can adapt to the new conditions.

Watering is especially important during the flowering period. At this time, 5 liters of water are poured weekly under each tomato. During the fruiting period, 3 liters of water is enough for tomatoes to avoid cracking the tomatoes.

Fertilization

The first feeding of tomatoes is performed 2 weeks after the transfer of plants to a permanent place. During this period, you can feed the plantings with a fertilizer containing nitrogen.

Add 1 tbsp per liter of water. l. urea, after which the tomatoes are watered at the root. In the future, it is not recommended to abuse nitrogen fertilizing in order to avoid excessive growth of green mass.

After a week, phosphorus and potassium are added. They are used in the form of superphosphate and potassium sulfide. Each substance is taken in 30 g per bucket of water. Watering is performed at the root.

Advice! During the flowering period, tomatoes are sprayed with a solution of boric acid (1 g of substance per 1 liter of water).

Re-feeding with superphosphate is performed when the fruits ripen. 1 tbsp is taken per liter of water. of this component. The plantings are sprayed with the resulting solution.

Gardeners reviews

Svetlana, 37 years old, Stupino

The Black Crimea variety pleased with its high yield and beautiful appearance. Dark fruits look original in salads due to the burgundy-brown hue. The tomatoes have grown large and very tasty. I have already grown other black-fruited tomatoes, and so the Black Crimea definitely surpassed them in taste.

Arina, 54 years old, Irkutsk

Tomatoes Black Crimea conquered their unique taste. I grew the variety in a greenhouse, there were no problems with the ovary. The fruits ripened on the bushes. All tomatoes have a smooth surface and a rich burgundy color. The minimum fruit weight is 300 g, there were no small tomatoes. I will definitely plant this variety next year.

Evgeny, 60 years old, Nizhny Novgorod

I was interested in the Black Crimea tomato according to reviews and photos. As a result, I bought seeds from which I got seedlings. In the greenhouse, the height of the tomatoes of this variety was 1.5 m. The plants are very powerful and strong, the fruits ripen early. The variety pleased with its yield: the largest tomatoes weighed 750 g, there were many fruits of 400 g each. The tomatoes seemed to taste ordinary, although the family and children liked it.

Conclusion

The Black Crimea variety is distinguished by its mid-early ripening. Tomatoes grow quite tall, so they need support and tying. The fruits of the variety have an unusual dark color, large size and good taste. They are used fresh or processed for homemade products.

With proper care, the variety shows high yields. Tomatoes Black Crimea are rarely exposed to diseases. Adherence to agricultural practices helps to avoid the spread of diseases.


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