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Hoya care at home is not difficult. The plant does not need frequent transplantation and constant top dressing; it is easily propagated by cuttings and layering. Wax ivy is unpretentious, growing very quickly. In addition, he is incredibly beautiful, dense shiny leaves and spectacular inflorescences turn an ordinary room into a corner of an exotic greenhouse. A flower that brings joy and luck can be bought in a store or grown independently.
Hoya: Description and Benefits
Hoya, wax ivy, wax flower - an evergreen lianoid shrub. Wild specimens are common in the tropical forests of East Asia and the islands of Polynesia. Plants need reliable support, so it is usually located next to rocks or powerful tree trunks. In the wild, a powerful liana grows up to 10 m; with age, green shoots become woody. The leaves are dense, shiny, gradually becoming more dull and acquire a rich emerald hue.
A special attraction is the beautiful white, cream or pale pink flowers collected in lush basket balls. The buds are small, with a diameter of up to 2 cm. There is also an exception - the luxurious royal hoya boasts flowers up to 8 cm across. In the central part of each corolla is a crown of 5 petals. Inflorescences resemble the original wax installation and decorate plants very much. The buds not only look effective, but also smell good. A delicate sweet aroma attracts pollinating insects. At home, it is not easy to achieve flowering, for this you need constant bright lighting and plentiful dressing.
Several types of plants are cultivated in indoor floriculture.
- The hoya is fleshy. The most common option. Ampel liana up to 5 m long grows quickly and needs a strong support - lattice, strong wire, stick or rope trellis. Strong runs. leaves are dense, fleshy, elongated-oval. Most often they are light green with a waxy coating, but there are also variegated varieties with a cream border or a yellow middle. Large umbrella inflorescences appear in early summer.
- Hoya is beautiful. A bush with spreading branches and dull leaves up to 2.5 cm long. The inflorescences are cateiform, each with 10 large buds, white with a purple-red center. It is possible to grow in hanging baskets, then the shoots will fall beautifully. Flowering lasts from late spring to September, in autumn and winter the plant needs pokoo.
Beginner gardeners often ask if hoya wax ivy can be kept at home. The answer is simple: no doubt. A fast-growing liana cleans the air of dust, saturates it with volatile, reduces the harmful effects of electromagnetic radiation from household appliances. Contrary to popular belief, indoor flowers are not able to bring unhappiness, do not cause illness and do not provoke men to an early divorce. Signs associated with the waxman, have no basis. The only wine of the plant is widespread. Hoya flower is available in many houses, including those where there were troubles with husbands and illnesses. However, there are many more happy families who successfully grow this luxurious vine. Such statistics should inspire hope for doubtful gardeners and serve as another argument in favor of a beautiful and useful plant.
Where to place the flower
Ivy Hoya, home care which is not too complicated, photophilous. It is better to place the plant in the immediate vicinity of a window facing southeast or southwest. In partial shade it will be difficult to achieve flowering, the leaves will become small and lose their decorative effect. Especially photophilous, meaty hoya with variegated colored leaves. Miniature varieties do not need direct sunlight, but are more demanding on soil moisture.
Ampel forms can be placed in hanging flowerpots and flowerpots, mounted on the wall. A great place for photophilous flowers is the ceiling. On it, you can run long lashes, fixing them with adhesive tape or special loops that do not traumatize the stems. Hoya goes well with other ornamental deciduous plants: fastheder, ordinary ivy, and various types of philodendrons. It is not worth it to place it nearby in bright and large colors, such a neighborhood will be unprofitable for delicate vines. Using a wire frame fixed in a cache-pot, you can create a beautiful and unusual composition. Liana quickly wrap around the support, creating a kind of basket of greenery, decorated with lush umbrellas of inflorescences.
Blooming hoya is best placed in the living room or in the dining room. A bedroom or a nursery is not the best option. Fragrant buds will cause headaches in people with particularly sensitive smells. But you can not be afraid if a small child or a lousy pet accidentally tears a leaf. The plant is non-toxic; contact with it is absolutely safe.
In the warm season, it is recommended to take the cache-pot to fresh air. Hoya feels good on balconies, loggias and verandas, some gardeners even plant a plant in the garden. It is important to observe the watering schedule, protect the vine from night frosts and attacks of insect pests.
Watering and feeding
Understanding how to care for a plant is easy. The main requirement is abundant moisture in the spring and summer, during the period of active growth. In autumn and winter, the plant goes for wintering, shorten watering, making sure that the earthen lump does not dry out. It is advisable to use soft melt or rain water. It is difficult to get it in the city, therefore, for watering, they use a water supply pipe that has been left in open containers for at least a day.
From time to time a flower can be bathed. The procedure is carried out in spring or autumn. The soil in the pot is covered with plastic film, the lashes are sprayed in a warm shower. Another technique will do. Warm settled or boiled water is poured into a deep basin, a pot is immersed in it for 30 minutes. Then the plant is taken out, allow excess moisture to drain, after which the container is installed on a pallet. During flowering, the vine is forbidden to disturb, otherwise it will lose buds.
In spring and summer, the flower is fed with liquid complex fertilizer diluted in accordance with the instructions on the package. After applying the nutrients, the vine should be watered to remove accidental sprays from the stems and leaves. Such processing is carried out 1-2 times a month.
In autumn and winter, the hoya needs a rest. The temperature in the room is slightly reduced, watering is reduced to 2-3 times a week. The topsoil will dry out, however, complete dehydration should not occur. It is possible to spray the plant only in spring, before laying flower buds.
Reproduction and transplantation
Hoya does not need to be moved annually. It is necessary to transplant the flower when it is completely braided by the roots of the earthen lump. This usually happens after 3 years. The soil should be light, a mixture of garden soil, calcined in the oven, with peat or purchased soil from a package is suitable. The pot is selected medium, moderate depth. Be sure to drain hole and a deep pan.
A layer of expanded clay or pebble is laid at the bottom of the container. Hoya, together with an earthen lump, moves into a new pot and is filled up with soil. In old or diseased plants, you need to inspect the roots, removing the detected damage or decayed areas. After transshipment, the flower is watered and exposed to bright light. The procedure is carried out in the spring, a month before the start of flowering.
You can propagate the flower with seeds, but cuttings are more often used. A strong process with several leaves is cut off from the uterine plant and placed in a container with defended water. When the stalk takes root, it is transplanted into a pot or container with prepared soil and watered abundantly. Some gardeners prefer to root ivy in a mixture of peat and wet sand. For better survival, the process is covered with a glass jar or a slice of a plastic bottle. The plant takes root quickly, but flowering will come only next year.
When the seedlings grow up, they are transplanted into decorative pots. To make the plant look more effective, 2-3 cuttings are placed in one container. After 2-3 years, when they are sufficiently developed, young ivy can be placed in separate pots. After a week, you can spend the first dressing. It’s not worth zeal, it’s enough to fertilize the seedlings once every 3-4 weeks.
How to achieve flowering
In order for the lianas to bloom, you need to carefully monitor the watering schedule. Do not use too cold water, which can cause shock and even drop leaves. It is advisable to maintain a stable temperature, the hoya does not like sharp daily drops. The main rule is good lighting. Bright diffused light is needed, in the morning hours direct sunlight is useful. However, the flower must be protected from midday heat in order to avoid burns.
Once the ovaries appear on the plant, the pot cannot be moved. It is convenient to adjust the brightness of lighting with the help of roller blinds. The flower is protected from drafts, young shoots must be attached to the support. Accidental injury can stop flowering. Buds cannot be picked. But the visits of pollinating insects are welcome - you should not drive out butterflies and bumblebees.
Future flowering should not be forgotten even when the waxman is resting. In autumn and winter, drying out must not be allowed, otherwise in spring the flower will be forced to spend energy not on laying buds, but on restoring the roots. You do not need to take the pot out of the room, it will slightly decrease the light intensity and cancel the dressing.
Diseases and Pests
In the dry air of apartments, moisture-loving ivy may turn yellow, leaves darken and fall off. To fix the problem, frequent spraying of the stems and the installation of a household humidifier will help. If there is no household appliance, you need to close the radiators with bath towels moistened with cold water.
Sometimes the leaves become soft, droop and stop growing. It is important to understand why this happened. The plant may be affected by the virus. The affected specimen is cleaned away from the rest of the flowers, the damaged fragments are removed and the stems are sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin.
The juicy greens of Hoya attract a spider mite and scab. Frequent inspection may help. The appearance of brown plaques on the underside of leaves or sticky cobwebs on the petioles is an alarming symptom. Liana is thoroughly wiped with a wet cotton swab, and then sprayed with a diluted insecticide. The procedure is best done in the fresh air, with a strong infection, 2-3 sessions may be required.
Wax ivy is a magnificent decoration of any apartment, it can be grown in the office and even in the garden. The plant is very beautiful and responsive to care, it is easy to propagate. By experimenting with different varieties, you can create a real mini-greenhouse, pleasing to the eye all year round.