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Derain red or Svidina blood red is a small plant widespread throughout Europe. The shrub is used for landscaping parks and squares, garden and backyard plots. Due to its unpretentiousness and minimal maintenance, the plant has become popular with Russian gardeners.
Description of red deren
The blood-red dogwood belongs to the Kizilov family. In nature, turf reaches 4 m, grows in temperate climates, is often found at the edge of the forest and along the banks of water bodies.
Description of the blood red turf:
- flexible young shoots of deren are colored bright olive. Over time, they change it to reddish or brown, and in late autumn, after leaf fall, the shoots become bright burgundy;
- ovoid, dark green leaves are large, up to 5 cm in diameter. In the first half of September, the leaf plate becomes blood-scarlet or brick-colored;
- at the end of spring, small creamy snow-white flowers appear on the red tree, which stay on the branches for a month;
- the first inflorescences appear at the 7th year of life;
- with proper care and in regions with a warm climate, the plant can bloom again in late summer;
- in the fall, small, inedible black fruits are formed from the inflorescences;
- a fast-growing shrub, in a year the crown grows up to half a meter in height and width;
- in one place the plant grows up to 25 years.
Red-leaved turf is cold-resistant, grows well in cities with an unstable climate. And also the plant tolerates slight drought and can grow in the southern regions.
Derain blood red in landscape design
Red turf has a developed root system and a large number of lateral roots, so it is used to strengthen the slopes.
Miniature red shrub looks attractive in any season, both in single and in mass plantings. It is planted next to unattractive buildings, used to decorate shady corners, adding variegated colors to a nondescript winter area.
Red turf is grown as a hedge, it is unpretentious, easy to care for, grows well in a gas-polluted area.
Advice! Redwood sod grows well in moist soil and looks great near bodies of water.
Red deren varieties
Derain red has become popular with flower growers since ancient times. Everyone can choose the most suitable variety for themselves:
- Midwinter Fire;
- Anna Winter Orange.
To quickly decide on a variety, you must carefully read the description and see a photo of the red deren.
Derain Red Compress
The most popular, unusual variety. He received the love of flower growers for compact forms, erect shoots and beautiful leaves. Glossy leaf plate of dark emerald color with fine wrinkles.
The decorativeness of the sod is increased by changing the color. In the fall, after the fall of leaves, the shoots are colored blood red. The variety does not bloom, but this is not considered a disadvantage, since even without inflorescences, the plant does not become less attractive.
Blood-red Derain Compressa is a small shrub that grows from 1 to 2 m in height. The crown is dense, compact, slow-growing. The annual growth is several cm per year.
The plant is shade-tolerant, can grow in the shade and in partial shade. For good growth and development, it needs alkaline, drained soil without stagnant water. Derain Compressa is unpretentious in cultivation and care, so even a novice florist can grow an attractive shrub.
Advice! Derain Compressa looks good on alpine hills, among conifers and ornamental plants, as well as in flower gardens.
Derain red Midwinter Fire
An upright, spreading, undersized variety reaches a height of up to 2 m. The shrub is frost-resistant, withstands temperatures up to -34 degrees.
The variety is decorative, especially in winter. In autumn, the shoots turn yellow, and the ends are orange-red. Widely elliptical foliage is opposite, in autumn it changes color from bright green to yellow-orange. Snow-white, fragrant corymbose inflorescences appear in early June and last for about a month. After flowering, dark-gray fruits are formed, which look beautiful against the background of snow-white snow.
Advice! The variety is unpretentious, therefore it grows well in a sunny area and in partial shade.
Looks good in flower beds, on an alpine slide and as a hedge.
Derain blood-red Anna Winter Orange
An ornamental, spreading variety reaches a height of up to 2 m. In summer, light orange shoots are covered with bright emerald foliage and snow-white hemispherical inflorescences up to 5 cm in diameter. After flowering, white-blue drupe fruits are formed.
In autumn, the leaf plate acquires a rich orange color, and after the fall of leaves, bright scarlet shoots are exposed, which adorn the garden plot in the autumn-winter period.
Derain blood-red Anny's Winter Orange is unpretentious, develops well in the shade, on moist sandy loam soil.
Planting and caring for red grass
To grow a beautiful, sprawling shrub, you need to take into account the characteristics of the plant. The red shrub is not whimsical to the place of planting and the quality of the soil. To obtain the maximum visual effect, it is necessary to regularly water, fertilize and prune.
It is better to plant a red turf shrub in a sunny place or in partial shade, since in the shade the shoots lengthen, the leaf plate fades, as a result the plant loses its decorative appearance. Red turf prefers nutritious, drained soil with neutral acidity.
- Saplings are planted in the spring, after the end of the frost, or in the fall a month before the onset of frost.
- If the planting material has an open root system, before planting, the roots are cut and kept in warm water for 4-5 hours. If the seedling is purchased in a container, it is placed in a planting pit with a clod of earth.
- A hole is dug 50x50 in size, at a distance of 0.7 m from each other.
- A 15 cm drainage layer is poured onto the bottom.
- The seedling is set in the center and carefully sprinkled with earth, tamping each layer.
- The soil is abundantly spilled and mulched.
Important! If the land is depleted, humus, compost or rotted manure are added to the planting pit.
Watering and feeding
Derain with red stems is drought-resistant. It does not need a special watering schedule. The first plentiful watering is carried out after planting the seedling, the further is carried out as needed. If the foliage has lost its turgor and wrinkled, then this is the first sign of a lack of moisture.
Top dressing affects the decorative effect of the plant. Complex mineral fertilizers, such as "Nitrofoska", "Ammophos", are applied in the spring, before the foliage bloom, strictly observing the dosage rules.
Due to the correct and timely feeding, the dogwood:
- produces bright shoots and leaves;
- forms a dense, spreading crown;
- dissolves a large number of flowers.
To make it decorative, it is necessary to remember about pruning, since the shoots lose their elasticity and color with age, the crown quickly grows in width, thereby giving the plant an untidy appearance.
The first pruning is carried out several years after planting. Old branches are removed in the spring, leaving stumps of 10-15 cm. At the end of summer, a sod crown is formed, weakened and underdeveloped branches are cut out. To prevent the appearance of fungal diseases, the cut site is covered with charcoal or brilliant green.
Advice! To make the red shrub look aesthetically pleasing and neat, it is necessary to remove the root growth.
Preparing for winter
Red turf is cold-resistant, can withstand temperatures down to -34 degrees, so it does not need shelter. In regions with cold winters with little snow, only young seedlings are sheltered.
Red turf can be propagated in several ways:
- dividing the bush;
All methods are easy to perform, the survival rate is about 90-100%.
Seed material is purchased in a store or collected from a bush you like. For seed germination to be high, they must undergo stratification. Therefore, they are sown in the fall in a prepared place. On the site, furrows are broken, 5 cm deep, seeds are laid and sprinkled with earth.
After emergence, thinning is done. After 4 years, when the derain reaches 80 cm, it is transplanted.
An easy way to propagate red turf. Cuttings are cut in the middle of summer, 10-15 cm long. The lower leaves are removed, the upper ones are cut off by ½.
The prepared seedling is kept for several minutes in a growth stimulator and planted in nutrient soil to a depth of 10 cm, at an angle of 45 degrees. The stalk is spilled abundantly and removed to a mini-greenhouse, which must be regularly ventilated. The air temperature for germination should be + 23-25 degrees. In the fall, after the roots grow back, the grass is transplanted to a permanent place.
Important! In the first winter, the seedling is covered with burlap, spunbond or lutrasil.
Young side shoots are suitable for this method. The procedure is carried out in the spring, after the snow has melted. A healthy shoot is laid in a prepared trench, fixed to the ground with a metal bracket and sprinkled, leaving the top on the surface. The soil is mulched with sawdust, straw or foliage.
After the appearance of new foliage, the young seedling is disconnected from the mother bush and transplanted to the prepared area.
Dividing the bush
For this method, an adult bush is chosen that requires a transplant. In the fall, the grass is dug up and divided into divisions so that each plant has an overgrown root system and healthy shoots.
The cut site is treated with charcoal, the plant is transplanted to the prepared area.
Diseases and pests
Derain with red leaves is immune to many diseases. But with untimely care, young seedlings can get sick with powdery mildew. When a disease occurs, the bush is treated with fungicides.
From insect pests, red shrubs can be attacked by: aphids, sawflies and yellow fly larvae. To destroy them, insecticides of a wide spectrum of action are used.
Red Derain is a beautiful ornamental shrub. With proper care and timely pruning, the plant will become a decoration of the personal plot in the autumn-winter period.