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Coriander is an annual herb from the umbelliferous family. The greens and seeds of this culture have a pleasant smell (due to the presence of essential oils from 0.18 to 2%). Coriander is used both fresh and dried. It is mainly used to cook national dishes.
It can be added to an oriental appetizer, kharcho in Georgian, to Gurian soup, chikhirtma, to pea soup with rice, to soup from red lobio, soup to onion and rice, to mushroom and rice, to matsun soup, to air, bosartmu, in satsivi from chickens, in chanahi, lamb with green beans, in lula-kebab, in tava-kebab, in Azerbaijani kebab, in trout with nuts and other meat, fish and vegetable dishes.
Per 100 g of product:
Calories: 24.8. Protein: 1.5 gr. Carbohydrates: 5 gr. Dietary fiber: 0.5 gr. Organic acids: 0.1 gr. Water: 90 gr. Mono- and disaccharide: 4 gr. Starch: 0.5 gr. Ash: 1 gr.
Per 100g of product:
Vitamin A: 0.1 mg. Vitamin PP: 0.5 mg. Vitamin A (RE): 100 mcg. Vitamin B1 (thiamine): 0.03 mg. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): 0.03 mg. Vitamin C: 10 mg. Vitamin PP (Niacin Equivalent): 0.749 mg.
It is possible to grow coriander on a window or on a balcony, that is, at home, but today we will discuss how to grow it in the country.
The plant is unpretentious, and despite all its exoticism, rather willingly grows in a summer cottage. It can be grown on open ground or in greenhouses, depending on what crop you plan to get and how to use it.
Everyone knows that before the seeds ripen, we grow cilantro, and only then, when we leave the plant for seeds, do we get coriander. Therefore, today we will consider the cultivation of cilantro, and from those bushes that we leave for ripening, we will also grow the famous spicy seasoning.
Choose a landing place
Try to choose a quiet place in partial shade or in the sun, but so that the plant is not constantly in the shade of trees or tall bushes. It is advisable to plant coriander on a plain or on a hill, but not in a hollow, so that the plant is not soaked before ripening.
The soil for planting coriander should be loose and well fertilized even during digging. You can add a little sand to the ground, and as fertilizers add half a bucket of humus and some fresh wood ash to each square of planting.
In terms of fertilizers, many use superphosphate and potassium, but this is only at your personal discretion. If you decide to apply mineral fertilizers, then they also need to be sprinkled into the soil before planting, about 20-30 g per square meter.
Planting seeds in the soil occurs during the entire warm season, when it comes to open areas. In greenhouses, a slightly different technique is used. The planting process itself is very simple, the plant does not require any special growing technique, as it can also sprout by self-planting. It is only necessary to treat the prepared soil, pour it with water, sow seeds randomly or in rows, and top up with dry garden soil.
Some summer residents who are not fond of growing seasonings, but simply tried this plant for whimsicality and independence, claim that they simply threw a seedling rasp in the ground and planted a rake in the soil. After a certain time, pretty good cilantro bushes were received. This once again proves the unpretentiousness of the plant.
We grow cilantro and harvest
Proper planting conditions allow you to grow cilantro quickly enough. But a significant role in this is played by stable care.
The plant requires timely and systematic watering, about 2 times a week, and especially during the growing season, when with the necessary amount of moisture, cilantro quickly gains green mass.
When cilantro emerges and begins to grow, it must be thinned out, leaving a distance of 6-8 cm between strong bushes.
When to start harvesting cilantro
Cilantro grass should be cut at the moment when its growth began to stop, but the flowering period has not yet begun. But this period is very difficult to catch, and therefore we recommend cutting cilantro green at the moment it rises a couple of tens of centimeters. You yourself will determine the time of harvesting, because the green part will pour, and will constantly attract your attention.
The cut must be done with a sharp knife, early in the morning. It is advisable to rinse the cut grass well from possible debris, dust, dried parts and insects. Further, the crop will need to be dried from moisture, tied in small bunches and hung, for example, in the attic, most importantly, in a dark and dry room.
It is very important to understand that drying cilantro grass in the sun has a detrimental effect on all its properties.
When the grass dries well, you can start grinding it. Do not grind the grass in green, but only after it dries in the attic or in the pantry. Place crushed cilantro in sealed cans for seasoning and use as intended at any time.
We grow coriander for seeds
You can grow cilantro without any special care, but growing a crop for seeds, for dry seasoning will require a considerable amount of care.
Initially, care should be taken to properly fertilize the soil, it is advisable to add compost to it. The soil should be loose, and the area under the coriander should be in a sunny place, but since we have already talked about this, we immediately turn to the conditions of cultivation and care.
Watering is organized at about the same frequency as when growing cilantro, but in a hotter summer, the soil should not dry out, otherwise biological processes may stop. This is not at all beneficial for us, since due to such stops, coriander may not have time to ripen during the warm season.
When a period of active growth sets in, watering is done less frequently, no more than once a week.
You will not be able to grow cilantro and coriander at the same time, unless you can collect defective crops. Therefore, we advise you to grow two sections of plants - for stocks of grass and seeds.
If the seeds were planted correctly, and you provided the plant with proper care - thinning, cleaning and loosening the soil, as well as timely watering, the seeds will have to ripen by mid-September.
When the seeds take on a brownish tint, the plants are cut to the root and carefully tied into bundles. Next, you should hang the bunches in the attic and lay an oilcloth or cloth under them to collect seeds, which will crumble.
Not all seeds will be showered, and therefore in a week or two it will be possible to gently knock out the remaining grass from the tufts. Now they can be sieved and sent to banks for storage until the next reason to use seasoning.
Growing cilantro and coriander
Growing cilantro and growing coriander - very similar processes, and if you are a lover of such seasonings, be sure to try planting a couple of small plots at the cottage and, having studied the agricultural technology of plants, get a crop. We recommend reading the article on edible roots and root crops.