To make your garden original and beautiful, it is worth installing a waterfall on it. It will be a real attraction of the site. And at the same time it does not matter if you have a large garden or not. We learn how to make a waterfall with your own hands and what you need to complete the work.
Types of Decorative Waterfalls
The form of the composition may be any. Lovers of clear lines can make a rectangular or round waterfall. If you prefer natural forms, then it is worthwhile to complete a design with smooth asymmetrical outlines. If desired, fish can be allowed into the pond under the waterfall., but then you will have to take care of underwater plants, which means you should pay attention to the depth of the reservoir. The best option is a meter-deep pond, and preferably a little deeper, so that in winter plants and fish do not freeze.
Form and types of cascades
The forms and types of cascades of a waterfall in the country can be completely different. The simplest options can be made from improvised materials. Lovers of grandiose structures will appreciate the multi-stage large structures with fountains, streams and canals.
The choice of cascade type depends on your capabilities and strengths. Calculate in advance how much space you can allocate for the composition, how much money you are willing to spend.
The layout of the waterfall can be completely different. How the water will drain depends on the stone from which it will pour. Cascading smooth jets are obtained from stones with rounded, polished edges. Sparkling strands of water will go from the rugged stone. Using two stones and two levels of water discharge, an asymmetric flow is obtained. Moreover, in both streams the volume of water may be the same. If the volume of water is limited, it is best to make it flow around the stone.
To create large and strong flows, you need to let water through a narrow hole between the stones. The step should be high. So that the water foams, it is necessary to put a pointed stone below, on which it will break.
Choosing a place for a waterfall
One of the most difficult stages of the construction of a waterfall is the choice of a place for it. If you place the structure incorrectly, it will only spoil the appearance of the site. It is worth considering other features of the choice of place:
- Trees should not be located near the hydraulic structure. They will reach for water, destroying the earth under construction.
- Cascades are not installed near the house either. Otherwise, water can undermine the foundation, which will lead to the destruction of the house. Moreover, mold will form on the walls of the building.
- It is recommended to set the waterfall on an elevated position. This will not only look beautiful, but also create a natural bias for the decline of water. If there is no such place on your site, then it should be created artificially. There is no need to place a cascade near the lowland, otherwise all garbage will fall into the water, which will definitely clog the pump.
- Among other things, you should make sure that the waterfall is clearly visible from different points - that is, it should be placed in an open space.
Once you have decided on a place for the structure, you can start choosing materials for its creation.
DIY stone waterfall
Materials and equipment
The choice of materials and tools for creating a waterfall should be based on the characteristics of the site, the size of the structure, and design. In any case, you will need:
- pump for pumping water, filter, electrical cable and hose;
- pump for water supply;
- materials for decoration.
Particular attention should be paid to the pump. It should be special, designed for use in such structures. Submersible or surface models can be used. Special pumps are designed for a long service life, they give a small pressure, but operate continuously. The power of the unit depends on the volume of water that needs to be pumped.
Stages of independent construction of a waterfall
As a rule, the design includes 3 main elements:
- cascade of the falling type;
- a pond where water circulates.
If everything is done correctly, technical devices will be hidden. So, it will seem that the water is taken from nowhere.
Before you begin work on installing the structure, you should decide what depth and shape of the pond suits you. If you plan to colonize fish in a pond, it should be deeper, if not, smaller. The shape of the pond must be natural, that is, there must be some bends.
Next, we consider the stages of work.
Digging a pit
First you need to dig a pit. Then its bottom is cleaned of debris and covered with sand. Then lay waterproofing, it is better to take a garden film or PVC.
The optimum height for the descending cascade is 1.5 m. There should be several steps in the main descent. The bottom should be approximately 0.3 m above the water level. The height of subsequent steps can be up to 40 cm.
In order for the structure to be strong, reinforce it with a frame. Usually it is made of wood and strengthened with a solution of concrete. A flat stone is placed at the top of the waterfall, slightly shifting it forward. This is necessary for a steep decline in water.
After the stone is installed, you can attach the pump. If the design is small, the unit with a power of 70 watts is enough. For large cascades, it is better to choose pumps of the ground type, which have more power. So that the mechanisms are clearly not striking, they will have to be decorated with plants and stones. Hoses are placed between the stones, again so that they are invisible.
Among other things, for the system to work, you need a low-voltage transformer. He will power the whole system. It should be installed indoors. It is worth noting that the cable length does not exceed 9 meters, so it will need to be extended. To do this, you need to find an extension cord that is not afraid of moisture. If you take a cable with a total length of more than 12 m, the pump power will decrease. That is, in this case it is necessary to acquire a pump of greater power.
Decoration of the composition
After installing the pump, it remains only to decorate the design. It should be approached with imagination. You can use absolutely everything for decoration, except for plants that do not like moisture. Coarse gravel and pebbles of different colors will look great. You can put a bench for rest next to the structure, and even better - hang a hammock. If you have children, you can install fairy tale characters at the reservoir. One more A great option is to create a rock garden at the waterfall. The latest fashion is the installation of LED lights or special flashlights. These decorative elements will allow the pond to flicker at night and look amazing. At the end of the design work, you can start the pump and enjoy the result.
The best plants for waterfall decor
For planting near the composition, it is best to choose unpretentious plants - kaluzhnitsa, daylilies, irises. The spears of the arrowhead, the ears of manna, ozorella will also look good. You can also choose sedum, thyme, geranium from plants. The most interesting option is the use of indoor bonsai. Such plants are installed on both sides of the cascading water in pots.
How to care for waterfalls
Waterfalls should be installed in places where direct sunlight does not fall, otherwise the water will bloom. Water will periodically have to be cleaned and filtered once every 30 days. To do this, it is turned off, lowered, and then dialed again. Stones are cleaned from plaque with a napkin and cleaning agent.
DIY waterfall with a fountain
To give the site originality and provide pleasant moist air, it is worth trying and installing a waterfall. You can enjoy the pleasant view of the pouring water and the murmur of jets, and if you put a bench near a pond with a cascade, this place will become a favorite place for relaxation for the whole family.