Already from afar, a delicate pink-red flicker under the trees is striking. Looking more closely, we find almost near the ground a lot of small flowers, one on thin peduncles, with petals sticking up provocatively upward.
The plant itself is well known, since the large-flowered relatives of these winter-hardy flowers - cyclamen (in Germany they are also called alpine violets, and in Russia it is scorcher) have long made a career as indoor plants. That's just the unsurpassed charms of the little savages they just do not have enough.
Cyclamen loves a sheltered place. Cyclamen has thick, juicy, brown underground tubers. They are located directly underground, contain a lot of starch and over the years become larger.
Garden cyclamen differences
Garden, or street, cyclamens most often have characteristic heart-shaped or rounded leaves with jagged or wavy edges. The size and color of foliage depend on the varietal characteristics of the decorative culture.
Some species are distinguished by dark green foliage with a silver pattern on the surface. On the back of the leaves there is often a reddish tint. Against the backdrop of greenery, cyclamen flowers stand out well, which, depending on the variety, may have a fairly delicate and subtle shade or have a bright coloration.
Cyclamens are used to decorate flowerbeds and borders, as well as small hillocks. A flowering decorative culture can create a charming and picturesque corner in the rockery. All types of garden cyclamens look very good against the background of conifers, in which junipers, thuja or undersized varieties of spruce are most often planted. Blooming street cyclamen is able to effectively shade openwork fern foliage.
Type selection rules
Far not all types of cyclamen can be planted in open ground. In home gardening, the most unpretentious species and varieties that have sufficient frost resistance and can easily withstand significant drops in air temperature are most often used. A decorative plant does not require a significant amount of lightingTherefore, you can grow cyclamen in shady areas. Planting a flowering culture is often carried out under garden plantings, including ornamental shrubs and trees.
The most frost-resistant is considered to be European cyclamen, or alpine violet. This species blooms in the summer and is characterized by small, pink flowers with a fairly strong lily of the valley aroma. Magenta is present on the underside of the leaves, which is why many amateur gardeners are known as cyclamen magenta.
In the open ground, you can also plant Neapolitan cyclamen blooming in the autumn, or ivy. The species forms pink, white or red flowers and has a very decorative foliage with a marbled light green pattern.
The least frost-resistant is the highly decorative Kosme cyclamen. Garden culture has very beautiful rounded leaves, on the surface of which there is a silver pattern. Flowering in the early spring, characteristic for the species are white, pinkish or fairly bright, red flowers.
Varieties of cyclamen
In Europe, there are several wild species of cyclamen. Unfortunately, this plant, belonging to the family of primroses, has become a rarity in nature. So if climatic conditions allow, it is worthwhile to give him a place in the garden. Best protected from the winds, in partial shade. The soil must be rich in humus and contain lime.
Cyclamen purple, or summer alpine violet, blooms from July to September. It differs from cyclamen ivy (Neapolitan), or autumn alpine violets with arrow-shaped leaves with a silver pattern.
- Scarlet Moth - bright scarlet flowers that resemble a flock of flying butterflies
- Spring moth - pink, light lilac medium-sized flowers, flowering time - early
- Apple - white-pink with a dark eye, the sheets have marble decorative patterns, is the most tall-growing cyclamen
- Victoria - large velvet flowers of pale pink color
- Wit - large white cyclamens
- Violet cattleya - bright lilac flowers
- Raspberry Carousel - large cyclamens with leaflets in the form of cups
- Darts Salmon Pink - have early flowering, less whimsical than other varieties
- Lahsharlah - large peach inflorescences
- Madina - a small cherry blossom plant
- Pink moth - Neapolitan cyclamens
Indoor varieties and types of cyclamen
Sufficiently difficult conditions associated with the content of cyclamen prevent the very wide spread of plants in room culture. Nevertheless, plant breeding and hybridization, begun as early as the nineteenth century, made it possible to obtain varieties that were quite well adapted for growing in home floriculture.
- African look (C.africanum) refers to energetic plants and has quite large and rough, bright green staining, hard leaves growing directly from the root tubers. Flowering from September to November. The flowers have pink petals of varying degrees of staining intensity;
- colchic the species (C.colchicum) belongs to the geographical race of decorative culture and has fairly small flowers and foliage without patterns;
- Cypriot species (C.cyprium) is a perennial and very attractive plant with fragrant, snow-white or pinkish flowers. The base of the petals is characterized by the presence of a purple or violet spot. The foliage is simple, heart-shaped in shape. Flowering from September to January-March;
- greek look (C.graecum) has a diverse color of foliage and forms flowers, the petals of which can have a soft pink or purple-lilac stain with a purple spot at the base;
- Persian look (C.persicum Miller) with heart-shaped, dark green leaves with gray and silver-gray patches. The flowers may have pink, pale violet, red and purple color. This species is the most popular in indoor floriculture;
- european look (C. europaeum) has rather large tubers and is characterized by leathery, dark green leaves with the presence of a silver pattern on the upper leaf plate. The flowers have a very pleasant aroma.
Indoor cyclamen flowers are very interesting, and a variety of varieties allows you to choose the most suitable option for growing at home.
|Flower type||Grade name||Plant description|
|Varieties with simple flowers||"Aurora"||Saturated pink staining, with a pronounced aroma of flowers|
|Aneli||White coloring with a dark pink base and a pronounced aroma of flowers|
|"Harlequin"||Whitish pink stain with raspberry base flowers|
|"Assol"||Relatively large sizes, characteristic scarlet staining flowers|
|Barbarossa||Large sizes, original red-white color, with a strong aroma of flowers.|
|"Mark"||Violet pink with a reddish-purple center flowers|
|Caliph||Very large sizes, with silver salmon petals flowers|
|"Striat"||Large-sized, original purple-white coloration, with a strong aroma of flowers|
|"Charley"||Relatively medium sized, snow-white and very fragrant flowers|
|Varieties of mini cyclamen varieties||"Silverheart"||Leaves with eyes and a silver heart in the central part. The height of the aerial part is not more than 25 cm. The flowers are white, pink, red, lilac or burgundy.|
|"Winfall"||Plants with nine flower colors and a uniform, compact leafy rosette|
|"Miracle"||An equal sized aerial part with a very fragrant bouquet bloom|
|"Silverado"||The series is presented in four colors and silver foliage with a dark green central part and bright prominent central veins|
|Varieties with simple flowers and fringed edges||"Victoria"||White petals with raspberry center and terry raspberry fringe|
|"Red partisan"||Salmon red fringed petals|
|Lulu||light purple stained petals with fringed edges.|
|"Louise"||Large sizes, attractive fringed inflorescences, with bent dark salmon petals|
|"Moon"||Pale pink petals with characteristic fringed edges|
|Varieties with terry-fringed flowers||Rococo Lila||Large, fringed and terry inflorescences of attractive lilac color|
|Rococo Pink||Large and fringed, terry-type, pink inflorescences|
One of the most spectacular species is Pseudibericum with large-sized flowers of bright purple or lilac-purple staining. A species feature is represented by the presence of a chocolate-purple spot at the base of the petals. The foliage is wide, heart-shaped force, glossy, dark green color with a pleasant, but not very pronounced, grayish-green hue.
Where to plant cyclamen
Different types and varieties of cyclamen delight the whole season. In front of the hedge and under the bushes, flower-covered carpets grow. Pink-red, and sometimes white flowers spread around the wonderful aroma of lilies of the valley. An ideal decoration for gloomy winter days in places with mild winters is the Kossky cyclamen, whose carmine-red flowers open in February. It needs to be planted in September closer to the house in order to enjoy the wonderful beauty, looking out of the window.
Indoor cyclamen varieties are also suitable for decorating a terrace or balcony in late summer and autumn.
Growing cyclamen in the country (video)
Cyclamen seeds should be planted in an already prepared earthen mixture to a depth of not more than 1 centimeter. You can also use peat cups when planting. First make a groove, fill it with water, lay the seeds, and later cover it back with earth. The cup should be closed with a lid: this is done to achieve the optimum temperature of seed germination - 19 degrees Celsius. After about 35 days, you will have the first seedlings, but if cyclamen did not appear in this period, do not despair, because its seeds can germinate within 60 days (for example, Apple).
Video: Cyclamen planting and care
Persian cyclamen should be propagated using seeds. Planting is carried out in late February or early March, it will be the most convenient time for planting, but you can sow seeds at any other time of the year. Before planting, be sure to treat the seeds with potassium permanganate or special preparations. Soaking is mandatory when planting this type of flower, this is done to accelerate the growth of cyclamens.
It is necessary to get cyclamen from the old form or from the flowerbed, remove the small roots and old soil. You need to save the main part of cyclamen roots - this will help him to better take root in a new place. A prerequisite for transplanting is the availability of drainage for flowers. Sprinkle a small layer of soil on the drain, but do not ram it. Now you can water the ground, and then fill the flower so that a third of the tuber remains in the air. Leave the plant in the shade and after a while new leaves will appear on it.
Watering a plant
It is best to water cyclamens on top of the water that has been infused for a day, do not fill the plant in any case: water should not get on the inflorescences, leaves and buds, this can destroy the whole plant.
You should not overfeed the plant - it is better, on the contrary, to do top dressing in slightly smaller quantities than required. It is not necessary to feed young plants, it is better to fertilize adult cyclamen. Also, do not create an excess of mineral fertilizers in the soil. Do not add manure to the soil mixture - the plant may rot.