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Schisandra chinensis: growing berry creeper with beneficial properties

Schisandra chinensis: growing berry creeper with beneficial properties


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Each happy owner of a summer cottage grows many interesting and useful plants on its territory. Raspberries, gooseberries, currants, herbaceous herbs, ornamental shrubs, etc. We want to advise you one more an element of useful garden decor is lemongrass.

This plant is not only useful, but also quite charming. Berry liana pleases the owner of the site from spring to autumn, first covered with fragrant snow-white flowers, transformed in the summer with elegant brushes of healthy berries, and changed into lemon-yellow, really beautiful foliage by autumn.

Planting lemongrass

Schisandra, Chinese schisandra, lemongrass grass ... whatever the name of the plant that we decided to present today, it can please you with proper planting and proper care. So, here are a few lines about this.

It’s worth starting with the location of lemongrass on the site. For him, you should choose a warm place that is well protected from cold drafts and wind. An example would be planting around a house, garden buildings, or in other quiet areas. In the middle zone of the country, the plant is recommended to be planted on the western side of buildings, in the southern regions - on the eastern side. It is desirable that part of it is constantly in the shade or lemongrass does not feel sunlight for a whole day. Also, in order to decorate the site and the correct placement of the creeper in the country, it can be planted along the fence, entwine with an arch or even an arbor.

In the middle zone, lemongrass is planted in spring. It should be the end of April or the beginning of May. In the more southern parts of the country, landing is carried out in the fall, namely in October. Experts recommend making group plantings of at least 3 plants. The distance between them must be at least one meter. Also keep a distance from the buildings, at least one and a half meters, so that the spring drops do not fall to the roots.

Choosing a place, you can go directly to the landing. It is necessary to dig a landing hole, a depth of 40 cm, a diameter of 50-60 cm. It is imperative to equip the bottom of the hole with quality drainage - broken brick, crushed stone, expanded clay. Further, the landing hole is filled with a special mixture of turf land, humus and leaf compost, in equal parts. It is advisable to mix there also 500 g of wood ash, as well as 200 g of superphosphate. The mixture will be nutritious, which is very important for young seedlings.

Seedlings aged 2-3 years are characterized by increased vitality and survival. Their small height is completely covered by a perfectly developed root system. Place lemongrass in the hole so that the root neck remains at ground level, it is not recommended to deepen it. Sprinkle humus and peat on top and pour plenty of water.

Young creepers take root easily if proper care is provided, which is fairly simple. Try to shade the plant from bright and burning sunlight, remove weeds around and loosen the ground, spray lemongrass with clean water if the summer is dry. Preliminary sheltering of the hole after planting with humus will prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, and at the same time feed the young, so such a mulch is simply required.

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How to grow lemongrass

Dressings for Schisandra chinensis

In order for the leaves of lemongrass to be alive and juicy, and to make it all magnificent, from the third year of planting on the site, the plant should be constantly fed. You can start in April. Trunk circles are showered with nitrate, not more than 20-30 g, then they are mulched with leaf compost or humus. In the summer, top dressing is replaced by organics. Every 2-3 weeks, lemongrass is poured with liquid mullein with water, 1:10, or chicken droppings with water, 1:20. in the autumn period, when the leaves are opal, under each plant it is necessary to make 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of superphosphate, which are immediately embedded in the ground to a depth of 10 cm.

The plant begins to bloom and bear fruit in about the 5th year of life, a few years later a period of increased productivity begins. At this point, lianas need to be fed with a nitrophos. In the spring, preferably in warmed up soil, 40-50 g of fertilizer is applied per square meter of planting. After flowering, diluted bird droppings or mullein, not more than one bucket per plant, are introduced into the soil. In autumn, you should increase the usual dose of superphosphate to 60 g, and also add potassium sulfate, it will require 30-40 g for each plant. Every 2-3 years in the soil, to a depth of 5-8 cm, compost is planted, 5 kg per square meter.

Growing, watering and caring for plants

As you know, you can’t do without watering, especially since in the homeland lemongrass grows in conditions of high humidity. Plants should be sprayed in hot weather.water should be warm. Do not forget about the young individuals who are most in need of care. Older creepers are watered at dry times, each requiring up to six buckets of warm water. Watering with warm water is necessary after each application of fertilizing. After this, it is imperative to mulch the soil, it can be done with dry soil.

Schisandra chinensis

Propagation of shrubs and creepers

Schisandra can propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing the bush. All methods are almost identical with the propagation of any other plant, the difference is only in seed propagation. They give about 20-30% germination if proper care is provided. Before planting, seeds should be stratified. This happens in three stages - one month at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius, the next at 3-5 degrees, and the third month at 8-10 degrees Celsius. After this stratification, seed germination can increase up to 90%. Seeds are sown at the end of April, the norm is 2.5 g per 1 m2, the depth is not more than 2 cm. After emergence, shoots need to be carefully monitored for humidity and contain lemongrass in partial shade. Avoid direct sunlight. When kept in such conditions, seedlings quickly develop, begin to branch, and by the third year of life have twisted shoots. Further, after the lemongrass has been planted in the ground, the plant needs a special support along which it will rush into growth.

Special supports for creepers

In order to improve the illumination for lemongrass, it is grown on a special trellis. Without these supports, the plant develops poorly and looks like a stunted shrub, it does not bear fruit well. Under the right conditions, the liana gives a good crop of large berries in a dense brush.

The trellis is set in the year of planting. If for some reason this is not done, then simply tie the liana with pegs, and install the trellis next spring.

The trellis should be at least 2.5 m high above the ground, dug in about half a meter, pegs through 2.5-3 m from each other. The pegs are covered with wire in three levels, at a height of 0.5, 0.7 and 1 m. The plant is tied immediately, gradually moving it higher; for the winter, the shoots remaining on the trellis are not removed. If the magnolia vine is planted next to any building, then it can be supported by inclined ladders installed on the ground and supported on the building.

Shrub pruning

In the second or third year of life, the rapid development of the root system of magnolia vine is replaced by no less rapid development of the aerial parts. From early spring, you will notice many new shoots that will entangle the plant and interfere with the normal functioning of adult stems. At this point, it is worth starting the pruning. Of the total amount of young greenery, no more than 4-6 shoots should be left, the rest should be cut off at the soil level without sparing. If your site has a more mature plant, for example, over the age of 15 years, then it removes unproductive branches, which should be replaced by young and more promising ones.

No pruning in winter or spring, this is fraught with abundant crying of the plant, since in this period it has increased juice production. During this period, only root shoots can be removed, and this should be done every year. The shoots are cut below the soil level. But the pruning itself is carried out in the fall, after leaf fall. First, broken and dry branches that thicken the crown are removed. Also, lateral overgrowth shoots should be removed on time, leaving no more than 10 buds.

Winter preparations

Adult plants do not need protection from the cold, since they have sufficient frost resistance. But young, especially at the age of several years, after planting, they cover with dry leaves, a layer of about 15 cm, as well as spruce branches, to scare away pests in the form of rodents.

Harvesting

Schisandra fruits have medicinal properties, and therefore very valuable. Collect them at a time when the berries become uniformly red, transparent and soft. The berries should be picked together with the stalks, which are also useful. Quite often they are used as dry “seasoning” for tea.

You can harvest at a time. Specialists do this very simply - they spread a burlap under a plant, a tablecloth, a piece of cloth, etc. and sharply shake off a branch. From a sudden movement, most berries fall off, and it remains only to pour them from the litter into a convenient container.

We want to note the fact that lemongrass berries quickly deteriorate - they grow moldy, roam, rot, therefore they should be processed as soon as possible, preferably on the same day. Try not to crush the seeds, otherwise the workpiece will not get a very pleasant, bitter taste.

The berries are dried in the oven, the temperature is 60 degrees Celsius, the period is 3-4 days. If the fruits are dried correctly, they will have a dark red color and will be able to maintain their properties for several years.

Schisandra chinensis in the country

The use of Chinese magnolia vine

The beneficial properties of lemongrass have been known since ancient times, so it is widely used in medicine, both folk and traditional. It is used to stimulate the activity of blood vessels and the heart, to excite the central nervous system, increase efficiency during overwork (mental overwork or physical), to improve the functioning of the respiratory tract. It uses tincture of lemongrass, grated seeds and their extract. Before using any means, we advise you to consult a doctor. This is necessary if you are worried about your health, because very often we ourselves do not know what means we are allergic to.





Types of culture

The properties of lemongrass are quite interesting to people. In addition, it is a beautiful plant that can decorate your garden quite simply. For these reasons, many people want to grow Chinese lemongrass in their summer cottage. This can be done quite simply, you have already seen this with the help of our article (lemongrass does not require special or complex care). One has only to buy seedlings or seeds and plant on the site. There is only one forgotten question, what kind of lemongrass to plant in your country, because there are probably several types? Of course, the plant is not alone in its own way, and just below we will introduce you to its representatives:

  • Schisandra Chinensis Firstborn; garden;
  • Schisandra room; home;
  • Schisandra chinensis samples 21/70, 54/70, 64/68, 41, 53, 86, 242 and 277. Here is a classification. These varieties were developed by domestic breeders specifically for cultivation in our country.

It seems to us that lemongrass is now interesting to each of our readers, and therefore do not waste time looking for reviews about it or the opinions of people who were associated with its cultivation. Just determine the variety you need, buy material for planting (the price of the suppliers is quite acceptable) and enjoy the new plant, which will soon conquer you.


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