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Aquilegia is a wonderful plant that has more than 120 different species worldwide. Growing an unpretentious decorative flower is also interesting for our summer residents, so we decided to describe in detail the care for it.
Aquilegia, dove, orlik, elf shoes, watershed - all these are the names of the same plant, which is ready to please you every day with minimal care and supervision. But, to our great regret, only hybrid varieties can be grown in our area, although they look very dignified, sometimes even prettier than their wild relatives.
Varieties of Aquilegia
Today, among the whole variety of flower varieties and hybridswe can distinguish the following, which are most well established in our climate:
- hybrid aquilegia,
- Nora Barlow
- Barlow Crista
- krimson is old
- terry white
- pink barlow
- blue ice.
Aquilegia in the garden feels most good in partial shade, but this does not mean that its landing is impossible in well-lit places. Only in this case you should know that the plant will not look as luxurious as in partial shade, the flowers will become a little smaller, and the plant itself may look sluggish.
Soil in this case is not the most important factor for good growth, since the flower is neutral in its quality and fertility, although it prefers loose, light and moderately moist soils. Therefore, when creating a decorative plan landing, try to add a little compost or humus, carefully digging the substrate on about a bayonet shovel.
Aquilegia care consists in stable weeding and loosening of soil. Do not forget about watering, although it is precisely to moisture that the plant is not demanding, since it tolerates even drought. Feeding will not hurt - several times during the warm season. A solution of organic or full mineral fertilizer can be added to the soil. It is recommended that the annual addition of fertile land for each bush.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners do not recommend growing aquilegia for more than five years in one place - this can lead to unauthorized hybridization and a decrease in the decorativeness of the plant. To prevent this from happening, after flowering, all the flower stalks must be cut, and the collected seeds should be planted away from the main plants.
Pests and diseases
Like any other ornamental plant, aquilegia is susceptible to certain diseases and pests. It can be affected by leaf miners, scoops, spider mites, aphids, nematodes, various spotting, gray rot, rust and powdery mildew, which is the most common disease of this plant. At the first signs of the disease, namely with white plaque and brown leaves, aquilegia should be sprayed with preparations containing sulfur. You can buy them, as well as special compounds from other diseases and pests, in specialized flower shops in your region.
Most varieties of aquilegia have long spurs of various shapes on flowers painted in a wide variety of colors. Two-color watersheds look the most exotic. A single flower of a plant withers a week after blooming, but due to the large number of peduncles, the flowering period of a separate planting lasts more than a week.
The beginning of flowering in different varieties is slightly different, but in most of them it begins in early June. If you timely remove the faded part of the planting, the plant will bloom until late autumn.
We grow from seeds
Plant seeds are sown immediately after harvest, in the autumn, or in the spring. You can use special boxes for this or sow directly into the ground. Autumn sowing will show more lively and friendly seedlings, while spring is recommended to produce slightly frosted seeds.
The germination period is 25-30 days. The most suitable temperature for germination is not more than +18 ° С. At the time of the appearance of several true leaves, seedlings from boxes can be dived into the plantings.
Aquilegia from seedlings
In principle, this is the same as growing aquilegia from seeds, but for this you need to spend a little more time, but get really strong and beautiful plants as a result. To do this, you will need to plant the aquilegia seeds in a special substrate, consisting of equal parts of sand, turf land and humus leaf.
Initially, it should be loosened, leveled, then poured and slightly compacted, and the seeds should simply be scattered on the surface and sprinkled with a little light earth, preferably through a sieve. The whole process should be carried out in March, then wait for seedlings up to 14 days, at a temperature of + 16-19 ° C. At first, avoid waterlogging of the substrate, which can cause some diseases. About a month after the formation of the first true leaves, seedlings can be transplanted into other boxes or containers, and another month later - into the ground. Plants can go to flower beds already this year, or next spring.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
This method is rarely used due to the fragility of the plant and the inconvenience of working with a deep root system. But if you need to transplant the plant by division, then do it in late summer or early spring.
The plant is dug up, almost all leaves except the few youngest and strongest are cut off by secateurs, the root system is thoroughly washed. Further, leaving the cuttings about 7 cm long, the root root is cut lengthwise into several parts, leaving on each of them a few small roots and a few buds. Each delenka is planted in nutritious and loose soil; a constant regime of irrigation is necessarily observed. When the plant is taken, care continues as if it were an adult plant.
It is possible to cut the aquilegia, which is applicable for varietal and ornamental plants. Cuttings are broken out from the mother bush and planted for rooting in clean river sand. It is advisable to create a small greenhouse or just cover future plants with a film. Privileges should be provided with a shaded area and regular spraying with clean water. Aquilegia planting should be preceded by growth stimulant treatment.
Video - Aquilegia Flowers
Aquilegia is planted in 10-12 bushes for each square meter of the prepared site. It is also advisable to observe a clear distance between the bushes - 25 x 40 cm. When determining the scheme, it is necessary to pay attention to the age of the plant, its degree of development and variety, depending on which the planting can be dense or standard.
In conclusion, I would like to draw attention to the fact that cultivating aquilegia from seeds is not an easy task, but not for experienced summer residents. An undertaking with similar plants may seem very interesting and funny to you, because as a result you will get beautiful and fragrant flowers.
You can buy aquilegia seeds in special stores or in the market, but it would be most correct to ask their neighbors in the country, from whom you found a variety that suits you and made sure of its strength and compliance with your preferences. You might also be interested in an article on Orchis.