Plants

English Austin roses - regal buds in a cloud of aroma

English Austin roses - regal buds in a cloud of aroma


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English roses are a special group of plants that differ not only in dense and beautifully shaped buds, but also in the incredibly sensual aroma that they exude during the flowering period. For the first time, the society of lovers of roses learned about this variety in the late 80s of the last century. It was then that David Austin waited for the results of bold crosses of Damask and Bourbon roses with hybrid tea and floribunda roses.

From their ancestors, these roses inherited several valuable characteristics:

  • reliable structure of the "skeleton";
  • steady growth rate;
  • flowering stability throughout the season;
  • high resistance to adverse conditions;
  • low susceptibility to disease.

Along with this, the plants acquired unique characteristics, such as the versatility of use in landscape design, a huge number of flower shapes (from cupped to back-curved, and most importantly - an incredibly wide range of aromas).

The main feature of English varieties is the ability to modify the shape and appearance of the bush depending on the growing conditions. Sparse, climbing, and prostrate, they can completely transform over several seasons.

Austin roses also have several drawbacks. So, some varieties, especially with deep-cup inflorescences, can not always independently open the petals, and gardeners have to do this for them, manually revealing a number of external petals. In addition, plants sometimes lie under the weight of opening buds.

Use of plants in landscaping

Rosa Austin is a true station wagon, which can become the central object of the garden or modestly play the role of the last, final detail in combination with other plants. With proper pruning and proper care, they quickly form dense tall thickets, so that they can be used as hedges.

With a more thorough approach to the formation of the bush and restraining their growth, plants can be used both as curbs and for decorative design of group plantings in conjunction with conifers or evergreen shrubs. Low-growing species can be used for container gardening or become an attractive detail of a classic flower garden.

The creator of these amazing flowers completely recommends using them in group plantings, mixing different varieties, which may differ in aroma, in the structure and color of the buds, and in the height and structure of the bush.

How to plant an English rose

English roses go well with many flowering annuals and perennials. So, tall bushes look great in joint plantings with delphinium and phlox, digitalis and aconite. They are combined with Veronica, sage and catnip. In the foreground, undersized varieties can be planted with geraniums and Veronica, and lilac bushes can be placed in the background. For spring densification of pink plantings, it is customary to use peonies, tulips and hyacinths.

Varieties of english roses

This culture is very shade-tolerant. and practically does not tolerate the abundance of sunlight. That is why she quickly took root in areas of Russian lovers of fragrant flowers. Meanwhile, Austin roses do not tolerate winters well enough, so weak varieties in this regard quickly weeded out, giving way to their more frost-resistant relatives.

The most widely spread in Russia are the following varieties of English roses:

Grade nameDescriptionAdvantages and disadvantages
Abraham Darby (Abraham Derby)A variety with a classic bud shape (cupped) and a charming color of petals, which varies from copper-apricot to apricot with a pinkish tinge. Can be grown as a climbing roseResistant to most diseases, has good growth strength. In bush cultivation, shoots lie under the weight of the buds
Benjamin BrittenShrub variety growing not more than 100 cm in height. The bud first has a cupped shape, after full disclosure - a rosette. The color of the petals is red-orangeUnpretentious variety with good resistance to powdery mildew and spotting. In heavy rains, the bush may lose shape
William Shakespeare 2000 (William Shakespeare 2000)An upright bush variety with gorgeous dark red cup-shaped buds that change color to purple over timeUnrivaled disease resistance, long flowering (buds look fresh for 2 weeks)
Graham Thomas (Graham Thomas)Semi-braided variety with bright yellow flowers of a classical formThe owner of a very strong, almost no-drooping shoots. Flowering is very long and plentiful.
Charlotte (Charlotte)Shrub variety, growing up to a meter and a half, with double yellow flowers with a brighter centerHigh winter hardiness, plentiful and long flowering
Gertrude Jekyll (Gertrude Jekyll)Shrub variety up to 1.2 m high with terry pink inflorescences and an incredibly strong aroma, which, however, does not last longResistance to diseases and pests is above average, long-term profuse flowering
William Morris (William Morris)A wicker variety with pinkish-peach, rosette-shaped inflorescences. In the center, the color is brighter and more saturated, the outer petals are almost whiteHigh resistance to powdery mildew and spotting. It tolerates long rains

It is believed that all varieties are perfectly combined with each other in the color of the buds, the shape and texture of the bushes (the creator of this variety of garden plants has repeatedly said this). Therefore, in one section, all the varieties indicated in the table get along very well.

Landing Features

Planting flowers differs little from the procedure that is done at the initial stage of growing other varieties of these plants. Before planting, the seedlings are soaked in water, to which growth and root formation stimulators can be added if possible. At this time, they are engaged in choosing a place for roses and preparing planting pits.

In this case, the following requirements must be observed:

  • the culture does not tolerate intense sunshine, therefore it is important for it to choose a place where the sun's rays fall no more than 5 hours a day;
  • the site should not be flooded with meltwater in the spring and remain without snow cover in the winter, so the neighborhood with arbors and pergolas, porches and other buildings, including fences, would be an ideal place.

After the final comparison of requirements and the selection of a suitable place, you can begin to prepare landing pits. A hole 50 x 50 cm in size and of the same depth is dug out for each seedling. It contains fertile garden soil mixed in equal proportions with humus. 1 bucket of water is poured into each pit and left for at least 20 hours.

During planting, it is important to ensure that the vaccination site is at least 7 cm deep and the roots are evenly distributed. Watering the seedling on the first day after planting should be plentiful - 5 liters per bush. After that, it is advisable to lightly spud them. This procedure will contribute to the formation of a stronger root system.

Care Tips

In the classic version, care for English roses completely coincides with the action scheme drawn up for roses of other types, and includes watering, dressing, pruning and combating diseases and pests.

Watering

Plants have moderate demands on soil moisture, so it is recommended to water them only when the topsoil at a depth of 2-3 cm is dry. Watering is better in the evening. The volume of water depends on the variety of the bush: 15 liters are poured under the curly and climbing, and 10 liters under the bush.

Top dressing

Actively feed the flower begin in the second year after planting. The first feeding should contain nitrogen components, which will give impetus to the formation of new shoots. The second top dressing, consisting mainly of nitrogen and phosphorus elements, is carried out during the budding period. Closer to the fall, the rose is generously fed with potassium so that it tolerates winter colds more steadily.

Pruning

Pruning should be done in spring and autumn. Weak and thin branches and shoots are subject to ruthless removal, and only then proceed to formative pruning of the bush:

  • if necessary, grow a compact bush, the stems are shortened by half;
  • to obtain spreading wide bushes, shoots are cut to a third of their length;
  • for climbing varieties, the rate of shortening of shoots is 1/5 of their part.

After trimming, you can feed the plants with complex fertilizers.

Winter preparations

English roses in the absence of protection can not tolerate Russian winters, therefore, for successful wintering, they need thorough preparation and protection. The preparation is the proper care during the summer and regular feeding. Protection against frost should be taken separately.

With the onset of autumn, it is important not to pick flowers from the bushes so that they can bloom and crumble on their own. This will contribute to a more complete ripening of shoots. With the onset of cold weather, not flying leaves are removed, and unripe shoots are cut completely. Then you can proceed to shelter.

Important! Planting can be covered only after a steady decrease in temperature to negative readings (but not lower than -10 degrees).

English roses: growing characteristics

Regardless of the type of bush, roses first need to be spudded, and then build insulation. Shrub varieties are surrounded by a mesh or foam panels, roofing felt or plywood shields, after which they fill the shelter cavity with dry materials: leaves, shavings, spruce branches or friable dry humus. Climbing roses are laid on the surface of the soil and pinned, after which they are covered with spruce branches and leaves with a layer of at least 30 cm. On top of the plants are covered with a film or roofing material. Remove shelter in the spring after warming to 0 degrees.


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